(Keats) Art

  • Created by: NHow02
  • Created on: 19-05-19 18:32
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  • Art
    • Ode to a Grecian Urn
      • 'marble men and maidens'
        • Soft alliteration creates a majestic effect (mimics smoothness of stone)
        • Imagery of grecian temples (pillars holding up society)
          • also emphasises class distinctions
      • 'pipe to the spirit ditties of no tone'
        • 'spirit' creates a mystical effect (negative capability)
          • Keats' imagining of the past, present & future is better than the reality
            • Keats was influenced by Spenser's 'The Faerie Queene' (epic poem which emphasised mysticism & description
              • John Jones: incapable of 'jostling in the real world'
          • Keats: 'what the imagination sees as beauty, must be truth'
            • Art is a form of enlightenment
        • Sharp consonants of 'pipe' & 'ditties' creates a jovial effect (primitive language)
          • Line begins musically but ends with a lack of sound (poem of paradoxes)
            • Never able to capture 'pure' art in its real form (escapes him)
              • Keats dies of TB in Rome at the age of 25 in 1821
      • Canvas of time
    • Chapman's Homer
      • 'deep-browed' to 'watcher of the skies'
        • 'deep-browed' creates a lost/ stationary effect (severe)
          • Before Chapman's translation, Homer was inaccessible/ too severe
        • 'skies' creates an expansive effect (world has opened up to him)
          • However, 'watcher' suggests he is still an observer only (never a part of society)
            • Written in 1916, when Keats leaves his medical profession to pursue poetry
          • Headmaster, Cowden Clarke introduced Keats to literature & poetry
      • 'New planet', 'peak' & 'Cortez'
        • Words of discovery emphasises the importance of at/ literature to Keats (epiphany)
          • Menand: 'union of joy and pain'
        • Keats mistook 'Cortez' for the man who first saw the Pacific
          • Written in a state of passion/ excitement ('wild surmise')
    • Ode to Psyche
      • 'A casement ope at night'
        • Wants to trap the perfect embodiment of true love in his imagination
          • Fears he will not be able to experience the world in time (experience of death)
            • Psyche, was the lover of Eros (survived Hell to be with him)
          • Keats: 'what the imagination sees as beauty, must be truth'
      • 'I wandered in a forest thoughtlessly'
        • 'forest' to 'gardener'
          • Tame image suggests he is overwhelmed by beauty (craves understanding)
            • Keats wants to lure 'love' into a managed/ controlled environment
        • A forest is typically a symbol of the subcons-cious
          • Fricatives create a suffocating effect (overcome by internal thoughts)
          • Keats uses a natural metaphor to describe his tumultuous thoughts (living in mythology)
            • Unable to see /experience reality (which is better)
          • Forest is used by Romantic poets as a place to uncover a woman's secrets
            • Jeffrey Cox:  '****** as a power of social transformation'


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