H2

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  • Januarie
    • Descriptions
      • Described by The Merchant as 'a worthy knight' (34)
      • May describes his love making using animal imagery
        • 'Be it of fissh, or bird, or beest, or man' (653)
      • 'necke lenne' (641)
      • 'makes as a kinges' (815)
        • Januarie is living like a king
      • 'olde' (830)
    • Attitudes Towards Marriage
      • Desires the ideal marriage
        • 'blisful lyf'(47)
        • 'paradis (53)'
        • In the ideal marriage a woman fulfils her husband's sexual needs
          • 'yelde hir dette' (240)
        • Worried if he experiences perfect bliss in his marriage he won't achieve it again. His afterlife will be unhappy.
          • 'no man han parfaite blisses two' (426)
      • To pass on linage. Januarie wants an heir
        • 'engendren him an heir' (60)
        • 'heritage' (227)
      • Wife should be young
        • 'shal nat passe twenty year' (205)
        • Older wives know too much and they cannot provide sexual pleasure
          • 'and go streight to the devel, whan I die' (224)
            • Believes an older wife would make him adulterous - he'd go to Hell
          • 'no plesaunce' (222)
        • 'warm wex' (218)
          • A younger wife, Januarie believes is malleable. Shows his manipulative nature.
      • Like a business deal
        • 'market-place' (371)
    • Sex
      • Has as strong sexual appetite
        • 'bodily delit' (37)
        • Wishes for his wedding guests to leave so he can have sex with May
          • 'I wold that al this peple were ago' (552)
      • Animal imagery gives insight into disturbing fantasies
        • 'Oold fissh and yong flessh' (206)
          • Aggressive nature of the pike and bull juxtaposes with the naïve, innocent imagery created by 'yong flesshe'
            • 'a pyk' and 'old boef' (207)
        • 'a pyk' and 'old boef' (207)
        • Januarie often fantasises of his chosen bride.
          • 'middel smal' 'arms longe' 'gentillesse' (390)
      • Engages in abnormal sexual behaviour
    • Relationships
      • May
        • Of a lower status to Januarie, but he has chosen her for her youth and beauty.
          • 'suffiseth him hir youth and hir beauty' (414)
        • Is expected to be a widow after Januaries death
          • 'live as widwe' (867)
        • Promises  to give May everything he possesses.
          • 'al myn heritage' (960)
            • Leaves her with his wealth - like a business deal. Their love is a deal - financial gain.
      • Damyan
      • Placebo
        • Flatters Januarie by calling him wise
          • 'weever fro the word of Salomon' (271)
            • King Solomon from the Old Testament has the reputation of being wise. Placebo tells Januarie to ignore his advice.
          • 'youre owene conseil is the best' (279)
        • Calls himself a 'court-man' which can also mean flatterer (280)
      • Justinus
        • Wants Januarie to make a wise decision and not rush. He believes a man should be careful about giving away his property.
          • 'a man oghte him right wel avise to whom he yeveth his land' (313)
          • Januarie rejects his advice. Claims Justinus' words are not worth a basket of herbs.
            • 'I counte nat a payer full of herbs' (356)
        • Says he talks  from experience
          • 'cost and care' (335) 'blisses bare' (336)
            • Says you find expense and worry in marriage, and it comes with a lack of pleasure.

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