IGS modules 3+4

questions and answers for module 3 and 4 

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  • Created by: ruth
  • Created on: 06-01-11 11:35

module 3 IGS


1) define stigmatization and give an example

2) define discreditable and discrediting stigma 

3)define enacted and felt stigma 

4) define sterotypes and give an example

5) define race

6) define ethnicity 


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module 3 IGS

1) any physical or social attribute that so devalues an actor's social identity as to disqualify them from 'full social acceptance' eg amputation, HIV/AIDS

2) discreditable- one that is not known about by the world at large eg AIDS, discrediting- one that cannot be hidden from others as its visible eg amputation

3)enacted- real experience of prejudicefelt- fear of discrimination

4)preconceived opinions, can be positive as well as negative eg poor people will have bad health

5) race- dividing human mankind by physical and biological characteristics

6) ethinicity- refers to cultural practices and outlooks that characterise a given group of people eg may speak a different language, religion, NOT genetically inherited 

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module 3 IGS

1) what are the strategories of adapting to chronic illness?

2) list other strategories for coping with illness 

3)explain what causes habits and addictions?

4) define patient adherence and patient compliance

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module 3 IGS

1) normalizing-acknowledges symptoms and redefines them as normal life may lead to non compliance

denial-denies the existence of illness, short term benefits in early stages of diagnosis, in the long run it prevents them from confronting the illness

 avoidance-avoid situations which might exaberate their symptoms eg asthma attack, self destructive elements eg miss out on opportunities

resignation-most important thing in life is illness, invalidism

accommodation-acknowledges and deals with problems their illness produces eg manage pain, injection regime

2) health belief model, transtheoretical model 

3) habits- routine behaviour that is repeated regulary and tend to be subconisous

addition- not having control over doing, taking something to a point where it may be harmful

4) adherence= follow advice ( keep apointments, follow medical advice) compliance = same meaning but considered too authoritative

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module 4 IGS


1) define anxiety

2) what is biographical disruption

3) what are the 3 forms of illness narratives doctors can use to ensure all needs are addressed

4) benifits of friends knowing about a disease

5) patient adherence and adolescents  

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module 4 IGS

1) emotional state that can be divided into 3 components thoughts(triggers), physical symptoms(increase heart rate, blood pressure, rension in muscles etc), behaviour(ways to reduce anxiety)                                                               asthma can cause anxiety, anxiety can cause asthma

2)Bury- when a life story that is expected to unfold in a relatively predictable fashion is disrupted by an illness, there are 3 dimensions:coping- come to terms with situation and body, strategery- management of illness, styles of adjustment- disclosure and zola's 5 points

3) contingent narratives( events around onset of illness), moral narratives(ensure pt is competent,active and social), core narratives (different types of expression eg heroic,tragic, comic)

4) what triggers it, how to help with treatment, educating friends, normalise illness, reduces stigma

5) stop taking preventative medicines as they see no benefits, forget take take medication, invasive in normal daily life, want to be 'normal'

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