Islam : beliefs

  • Created by: Jmaineg
  • Created on: 24-12-18 12:42
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  • Islam beliefs
    • The nature of God
      • JUST - he will punish and reward people fairly
        • Muslims follow His commandments so they can be rewarded with paradise
      • FAIR - treats people fairly
      • OMNIPOTENT - Allah has unlimited power
        • influences muslims to pray, worship and thank God
      • MERCIFUL - compassionate and forgiving althugh he has the power to punish
      • BENEFICENT - all loving and all good : gave humans the gift of life
        • Encourages muslims to do good, love each other and respect Gods creation
        • Muslims feel comforted in times of difficulty - God loves them
      • TRANSCENDENT - Beyond and outside of the universe
        • 'Allah is the creator of everything'
        • Worship him as the creator of the whole universe. Praise Him for that
      • TAWHID - the oneness of god, only on true god : Allah
        • Worshipping any god other than Allah is an unforgivable sin
      • IMMANENT - He is present in the world and involved in their lives.
        • 'He is with you wherever you are'
        • Ask for help and for miracles
    • Angels
      • Jibril
        • Revealed quran to Prophet Muhammad
        • Purified heart of Prophet Muhammad
      • Supernatural  Made of light  Pure                Sinless
      • Mikail
        • brings rain and food to earth
        • Asks Allah for mercy for humans
      • Record everything muslims do
        • Encourages them to follow the quran
        • Makes Muslims conscious of the action they do
      • Angels have been sent down before to Earth
        • Reminder : Allah helps those with faith
    • Predestination and freewill
      • FREEWILL - humans are able to make their own choices so they are responsible for their actions
        • Muslims understand that the are being tested through their choice between good and evil
          • Avoid sin
      • PREDESTINATION - divine fate , God already knows or has decided what will happen
        • Understand that everything happens for a reason
        • Teaches Muslims to be modest and humble. This  is because everything that a Muslim does is by the Will of Allah
      •  Muslims believe that God Knows everything that is going to happen but it doesn't mean that he decides what is going to happen 
    • Life after death
      • when they die Muslims will be questioned how they lived their life by angels
      • on judgement day Allah will resurrect everyone and decide who goes to heaven and hell
        • only Allah knows when the day of judgement will come
        • The day will be signalled with the blowing of a trumpet by angel israfil.
        • given the book of decree,  depending on what side the book is given they are going to heaven or hell
      • Heaven
        • A reward for those who do good
          • 'For them will be gardens which beneath will rivers will flow'
      • Hell
        • a punishment for those who rejected God
          • 'Fear the fire whose fuel is men and stones'
      • Barzakh
        • designated place between hell and heaven, where the soul resides after death, and experiences its own heaven or hell, until resurrection
      • Muslims live their life in accordance to gods commands as they belivee in life after death
    • Prophet hood
      • RISALAH - god communicates to humans through prophets
      • There were thousands of prophets sent. 25 are mentioned in the quran
      • messengers are role models and demonstrates Allah's mercy to humans as they were sent as guidance
      • Adam
        • First man on Earth  and first prophet
        • God made him a companion - Eve
        • Adam and Eve were led astray by iblis and disobeyed God
          • They had to leave Heaven
            • Muslims understand that actions have consequences
        • Muslims understand how important it is not to get tempted by the world
        • Adam passed on knowledge to the rest of mankind
      • Ibrahim
        • Destroyed idols and taught people to follow ONE Allah
        • Built the Kaaba
        • Showed his love for Allah when he was willing to sacrifice his own son when God asked him to
          • God stopped him and he sacrificed a lamb  instead
        • Muslims understand that they must be willing to do whatever Allah has asked of them
      • Muhammad
        • Fought to protect himself against the meccans  - eventually conquered Mecca
        • Was given the final message from God - quran
          • on the night of power by Angel Jibril
        • last messenger and a perfect example for believers
          • Was a father son husband etc. taught Muslims how to behave in each situation
        • 'Indeed in the last messenger is the best of examples'
    • Holy Books
      • Quran
        • Word of Allah given to Muhammad and is written in Arabic
        • Muslims must respect it by placing it on a high shelf and making sure they are clean before touching it
        • the quran is a manual that tells muslims how to live their lives
        • Exact word of God
          • Its like God is talking to them
      • Torah
      • Psalms
      • Hadith - sayings and teachings of Prophet Muhammad
      • Gospel
      • The scrolls of Abraham
    • Shia and Sunni islam
      • Sunni Islam
        • 6 articles of faith
          • Risaalah
          • Holy books
          • Al qadr -  supremacy of Gods will
          • Tawhid
          • The day of Judgement
          • Angels
        • Believe that Abu Bakr should've been the leader
      • Shia Islam
        • Usul ud din
          • Justice of god
          • Prophethood
          • The imam-ate
          • Tawhid
          • Resurrection
        • Believe that Ali should've been the leader
        • Imam-ate
          • Ali was the first imam. They should be descendent of Muhammad. There should be 12 in total.
          • They are bale to interpret the Quran without fault.They are important because Muslims believes that people need divine guidance
  • TAWHID - the oneness of god, only on true god : Allah
    • Worshipping any god other than Allah is an unforgivable sin
  • IMMANENT - He is present in the world and involved in their lives.
    • 'He is with you wherever you are'
    • Ask for help and for miracles

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