Invasion

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  • Invasion
    • 25 June 1950 North Korean troops invade the South to reunite the two states using force.
      • Truman believes that the USSR is behind this attack and that this is a test of the American policy of containing communism.
    • Americans feared that USSR wanted to take over the world, after they found out that Russia had nuclear weapons.
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    • The invasion begins.
      • Truman orders American troops in Japan to come and help South Koreas. These froces were led by General MacArthur.
      • Truman asks United Nations Security Council to back the US forces in South Korea.
      • At this point of time, the USSR was boycotting the UN Security Council and so was not able to use its veto power. So, the UN's Security Council supported the American troops.
    • The US counter-attack begins.
      • The North Korean troops had captured the entire country except for Pusan. In July 1950, MacArthur sent forces to Pusan and prepared for a counter attack.
      • MacArthur organises successful amphibious attack on the town of Inchon. At the same time, American troops broke out of the Pusan area.
      • Counter attack goes extremely well and on 1 October the US troops had reached the 38th parallel.
    • Risk that the Chinese will intervene.
      • The Americans were not sure if they should stop here at the 38th parallel, or if they should push further.
      • If they pushed further and invaded North Korea, then there was a likely chance that China would help North Korea.
      • MacArthur believed that they should move ahead, and Truman agreed. So, the US forces crossed the 38th parallel on 7 October.
      • The US troops reached the Yalu River, close to the Chinese border. This provoked China to issue a warning to the Americans.
      • Americans ignore the Chinese warning and continue to march North. China again issues a warning on 10 October saying that they will attack if Americans advance. This threat was ignored.

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