Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004

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  • Indian Ocean Tsunami
    • Background
      • Occurred where the Indo-Pacific plate sub ducts under the Eurasian plate
      • Measured 9.0 on the Richter Scale
      • Affected areas all over Asia, Sri Lanka was one of the worst affected
      • No warning system put in place in the Indian Ocean
      • 26th December, 2004
    • Causes
      • Earthquake measured 9.0 on the Richter Scale
        • One of the biggest earthquakes ever recorded
      • Shallow focus of around 5 miles
      • Waves that came ashore were larger than 25m
      • Epicentre just off the North Western Coast of Indonesia
    • Effects
      • 300,000 people were killed by the waves
        • One train on a coastal railway track was derailed killing 1,000 people
      • Tens of thousands were injured
      • Popular tourist destination, many Europeans affected
      • Tourist industry was massively affected, with hotels, restaurants and shops being destroyed
      • 1,500 villages were swept away
      • 1 million people were made homeless
      • Hospitals  and clinics were washed away, making countries reliant on foreign aid
    • Responses
      • £13 million was raised immediately by Action Aid
        • Immediately send food aid
      • Managed to get a warning signal to the Coast of Africa
        • Government in Kenya managed to evacuate thousands of people off the coast of Kenya
      • Overall £392 million was raised in aid
      • Tsunami warning system is now present in the Indian Ocean


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