Indian ocean disaster 2004

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  • Created by: Aimis
  • Created on: 16-11-15 20:52
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  • Indian Ocean disaster 2004
    • Physical causes
      • 9.3 magnitude earthqauke
      • 240 km northwest of Somatara
      • Indo-Australian diving under Eurasian plate
      • 1000km thrust
      • indian plate displaced downwards
      • focuses of earthquake were shallow
    • Human Causes
      • tsunami warning too late
      • some had no warning at all
    • Primary Effects
      • 290 000 deaths
      • vegetation and top soil removed
      • infrastructure destroyed
      • coastal settlements devastated
    • Secondary Effects
      • widespread homelessnes
      • economies devastated
      • negative multiplier effects
      • water supplies contaminated by salt water
      • gap between rich and poor became wider
    • Immediate responses
      • massive international relief
      • Foreign military provided assistance
    • Long term responses
      • Large scale reconstructio programme
      • government prejudices highlighted
      • tourists resorts quicly rebuilt
      • tsunami system set up for Indian Ocean
      • tsunami education in schools
      • practice drills and evacuation plans
      • coastal zones mapped for high risk areas
    • prediction
      • Earthquake that caused tsunami was not predicted but could have been quickly pinpointed
    • Emergency Planning
      • no emergency planning due to no warning
    • Prevention
      • no prevention due to no warning

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