Improving the Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony - Cognitive Interview

  • Created by: SluggyK
  • Created on: 17-11-16 20:04
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  • Improving the Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony - Cognitive Interview
    • Fisher/ Geiselman said eyewitness testimony could be improved if better interviewing techniques were used
    • Report Everything
      • Witnesses encouraged to include every detail even if it seems irrelevant
      • May be important, can trigger other memories
    • Reinstate the Context
      • Witnesses should imagine the environment of the crime scene
      • Can trigger memories through context-dependent forgetting
    • Reverse the Order
      • Events should be recalled in a non-chronological order
      • Prevents people reporting expectations and makes it harder to lie
    • Change Perspective
      • Witnesses should recall the incident from other perspectives to disrupt expectations/schemas
    • Enhanced Cognitive Interview (ECI)
      • Fisher added additional elements
      • Included amount of eye contact, open questions, getting witnesses to speak slowly

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