immanuel kant - opposition to utilitarianism

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  • Immanuel Kant
    • believed in the role of reason in human affairs
    • we can know what is right or wrong by using our reason alone
    • he says an action only becomes moral if you do it for a good reason not just because you feel it is the right thing to do
    • he believes that you should always act in a way which you would wish to become a universal law
    • example: don't lie because imagine if everyone in the world lied
    • do it if you would want to see it universalised, don't, if you do not
      • categorical imperative
    • if the action is not right for everyone to do, then it is not right for you to do it, no matter the circumstances or consequences


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