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· Immanuel Kant was born April 22, 1724 in
Königsberg, Prussia.
· Kant taught philosophy at the Albertina,
until his retirement from teaching in 1796 at
the age of seventy-two.
· Kant died February 12, 1804, just short of his
eightieth birthday.…read more

Slide 3

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· Absolute
· Deontological
· Universal
· Power of Reason ­ He believed everybody
can reason how they ought to behave in a
situation this he called `the moral law within'
· Rooted in Duty…read more

Slide 4

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· Kant's search for an absolute rule had no place for
emotions or `ifs' and `buts'.
· Humans seek an ultimate end called the summum
bonum which is impossible to achieve in one
lifetime, so Kant deduced that we must have
immortal souls to achieve this state, therefore
morality led to God
· He believe an action was only good when a person
acts from a sense of good will
· `Good will shines forth like a precious jewel' - Kant
· Giving to charity is only a good act if it is done out
of good will not out of an emotional response of
making you feel good about yourself or if you want
to appear virtuous.…read more

Slide 5

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· The only acceptable reason for putting good will
into action is out of a sense of duty.
· He was searching for an objective definition of
morality that can be applied to any situation, so
the reasons for any action are rational and free
from all emotions, including love and
· `Duty involves freely choosing the action.' ­Kant
· Kant's theory directly opposes utilitarianism, for
example if a murderer asked you whether your
friend, who he was pursuing, was hiding in your
house Kantian ethics would insist that you were
honest because it is your duty to whereas
utilitarianism would say to lie, because the
greater happiness is caused by it.…read more

Slide 6

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· Definition- An action that achieves some
form of goal or result.
· Kant believed the hypothetical imperative
was of no use because the judgments were
not concerned with morals and were
dependent on the outcome.
· Hypothetical imperatives begin with `ifs.'
Which Kant was against, as it is a teleological
approach.…read more

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