Human Relationships

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  • Human Relationships
    • Why Do Relationships Change or End?
      • Jealousy
        • Biological Level of Analysis
          • Definition of jealousy: an emotional state that is aroused by a perceived threat to a valued relationship or position and motivates behavior aimed at countering the threat.
        • Study: Buss et.al (1992)
    • Role of communication in the maintenance of relationships
      • Social Penetration
        • Social Penetration Theory by Altman & Taylor (1973). Argues that close relationships are formed by a gradual process of self-disclosure
          • Self-disclosure: sharing facts about one's life with a loved one, as well as inner thoughts, feelings and emotions.
        • Study Canary et.al (1993)
        • Finds support in the social exchange theory
        • Intimate communication
        • Research have found that the level of self-disclosure is positively correlated with martial satisfaction, enduring love, liking and these factors contribute in maintaining relationships.
        • Most research is correlational
        • The theory is  based on self-report
        • Reductionist to one level of analysis
      • The attributional hypothesis
        • Type of attributions
          • Global
            • Applies to everything, always
          • Internal/ dispositional
          • Situational
          • Specific
            • Applies to this particular event/situation
          • Stable
            • Unchangeable situation, trait, characteristic
          • Unstable
            • Changeable
        • Study  Gottman (1994;1998)
        • There is increasing evidence of the link between negative attributions and dissatisfaction in relationships, therefore the role of communication style is important in maintenance.
        • Based on self-report data
        • The data is correlational
        • Can be applied to real life. For an example be used in couple therapy.
  • The Four Horsemen
    • Attribution
      • Why Do Relationships Change or End?
        • Jealousy
          • Biological Level of Analysis
            • Definition of jealousy: an emotional state that is aroused by a perceived threat to a valued relationship or position and motivates behavior aimed at countering the threat.
          • Study: Buss et.al (1992)
    • Criticism
      • Criticizing someone, complaining.
    • Stonewalling
      • Ignorance, looking away, walking away, not paying any attention
    • Gottman (1994;1998)
  • Studies
  • The data is correlational

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