• Created by: Lotto65
  • Created on: 18-12-16 11:39
Name two other factors that could influence behaviour other than genes
Environmental and physical influence
1 of 35
Give examples of environmental influences
Propaganda, influence of parents' tastes
2 of 35
Give examples of physical influences
Training, malnourishment
3 of 35
What are behavioural genetics?
How genetics and the environment both contribute to individual variations in behaviour
4 of 35
We have inherited 93% of our genes from what?
Rhesus macaque monkeys
5 of 35
Is one gene responsible for a complex behaviour?
No - it is the building block for a complex behaviour
6 of 35
What do genes do?
Give rise to the development of physiological processes that contribute to certain characteristics
7 of 35
What do some scientists think about genetics?
An individual may have the genetics for a certain behaviour but it will not manifest without the correct environmental stimuli
8 of 35
How is the diathesis-stress model used to explain depression?
Depression is caused by 'genetic vulnerability' and traumatic environmental stimuli in early childhood
9 of 35
Why is there no cause-effect relationship with regards to genes?
Genes are complex
10 of 35
What is the 1990 human genome project?
James D Watson wanted to identify all 25,000 genes to map the genetic make-up of humans
11 of 35
What does the 1990 human genome project help to explain?
Human behaviour and treatment
12 of 35
Can we match specific genes to specific behaviours?
13 of 35
What do correlational studies do?
Establish if there is a relationship but cannot say if there is a cause-effect relationship because IV not manipulated
14 of 35
What are monozygotic twins?
Identical twins
15 of 35
How are monozygotic twins created?
One egg splits into two
16 of 35
What similarities do monozygotic twins have?
Same sex, appearance and genetics
17 of 35
What are dizygotic twins?
Non-identical twins
18 of 35
What differences do dizygotic twins have?
Different sexes, 50% of genes
19 of 35
What is concordance rate?
The correlation between genetic relationship and similarity of individuals for a certain characteristic
20 of 35
What percentage of genes do you have in common with first cousins?
21 of 35
What does heritability mean?
Genetic similarity
22 of 35
The higher the heritability...
The greater the concordance rates
23 of 35
Why are adoption studies useful?
To see genetic and environmental similarities
24 of 35
Do adopted children share any genes with foster parents?
25 of 35
If heritability is high and environmental influence is low, what would the adopted child's behaviour correlate with?
More with the real parent than adopted parents
26 of 35
If environmental influence is high but heritability is low, what would the adopted child's behaviour correlate with?
More the adoptive parents than the real parents
27 of 35
Are adoption studies representative of the population?
28 of 35
Why is it particularly hard to separate genetic from environmental influences?
Selective placement ( place children with families who are similar to parents)
29 of 35
Research into the environment and genetics has meant researchers can...
Determine the extent of genetic influence
30 of 35
What did governments and schools design in 20th century?
Tests to indicate someone's intellectual potential
31 of 35
Who was Alfred Binet and what did he design?
A pioneer in intelligence who designed a test to improve the French education system
32 of 35
What evidence suggests genetics and environment plays a role in development?
Poverty has important influence on the development of children's intelligence
33 of 35
What did Professor Richard J Hernstein do?
Published the 'bell curve' idea into whether and to what extent genes and the environment have anything to do with ethnic differences
34 of 35
Who disputed the 'Bell curve' idea? Why?
The media as they found it unacceptable that there are intergroup differences in intelligence
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Give examples of environmental influences


Propaganda, influence of parents' tastes

Card 3


Give examples of physical influences


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What are behavioural genetics?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


We have inherited 93% of our genes from what?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all BLoA resources »