How water supply is linked to development

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  • Created by: Amy Brown
  • Created on: 04-06-14 20:27
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  • How water supply is linked to development
    • Water insecurity means not having access to sufficient, safe water
      • Around 20 developing countries are classified as water scarce - occurs for 2 main reasons
        • Economic scarcity - people cannot afford water - even when readily available
    • Water Poverty Index (established in 2002) uses 5 parameters
      • Resources - the quantity of surface and ground water per person and its quality
      • Access- the time and distanced involved in obtaining sufficient and safe water
      • Capacity- how well the community manages its water
      • Use- how economically water is used in the home and by agriculture and industry
      • Environment - ecological sustainability (green water - fresh water takes from rainwater stores in the soil as soil moisture
    • Lack of water hampers attempts to reduce poverty and encourage development. Improved water supply can increase food production, bring better health, and provide better standards of wellbeing
    • Canada
      • Each household uses 800 liters per person per day
      • Water used for lawns, parks and swimming pools
      • Issues of rising water bills and leakages
      • WPI = 78
      • Water use agricultural = 12%
      • Water use industrial = 69%
      • Water use domestic = 20%
      • GNI per person $33,170
    • Ethiopia
      • Each person uses 1 liter per day
      • Water is fetched daily from a shared source
      • Issues of water shortages, pollution and risk of disease
      • WPI=45
      • Water use agricultural =93%
      • Water use industrial=6%
      • Water use domestic =1%
      • GNI per person $170
  • Around 20 developing countries are classified as water scarce - occurs for 2 main reasons
    • Economic scarcity - people cannot afford water - even when readily available

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