How water supply is linked to development- Water poverty index: Named examples: Canada vs Ethiopia

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  • How water supply is linked to development- Water poverty index: Named examples: Canada vs Ethiopia
    • Canada
      • Each household uses 800 liters per person per day
      • Water used for lawns, parks and swimming pools
      • Issues of rising water bills and leakages
      • Water poverty index= 78
      • Water use agriculture= 12%
      • Water use industrial= 69%
      • Water use domestic= 20%
      • GNI ($ per person)= 33,170
      • Population in 2000 (millions)= 30
    • Ethiopia
      • Each person uses 1 liter per day
      • Water is fetched daily from a shared source
      • Issues of water shortages, pollution and risk of disease
      • Water poverty index= 45
      • Water use agriculture= 93%
      • Water use industrial= 6%
      • Water use domestic= 1%
      • GNI ($ per person)= 170
      • Population in 2000 (millions)= 62.9
    • What problems can the use of water sources create?
      • 1. Secure water supplies are needed to support irrigation and food production, manufacturing and energy generation
      • 2. However the use of water resources can lead to various problems, e.g. the depletion of underground and aquifers and salinisation of the soil.

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