How far do you agree that Trotsky's leadership of the Red Army was the most important reason for Bolshevik successes in Russia after the period October/ November 1917-24?

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  • Created on: 02-05-15 16:58
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  • How far do you agree that Trotsky's leadership of the Red Army was the most important reason for Bolshevik successes in Russia after the period October/ November 1917-24?
    • Trotsky's leadership
    • Weaknesses of the Whites
    • Changing economic policies
      • State Capitalism
        • Decree on land.
          • Confiscated land from land owners.
          • Redistributed to the peasants
          • Made food shortages worse
          • Workers couldn't afford machinery.
          • Met promise of land from April Theses.
        • Decree of workers control.
          • Gave workers control of factories.
          • Couldn't run factories effectively.
            • Gave themselves more holiday and shorter working hours.
        • Fixed rising inflation
          • Army takes control of banks.
          • Scrapped currency.
            • Barter system
        • October 1917
        • Needed to save Russia's failing economy.
        • Needed to pull out of WW1.
      • War communism
        • When civil war broke out.
        • Helped the army
        • Industry
          • Decree on Nationalisation.
            • Large industries liable to nationalisation.
            • No compensation
            • Old managers brought back.
          • Private enterprise made illegal.
          • Strikes made illegal.
          • Shortage of workers due to war.
          • Consumer goods industries were unable to function.
            • Geared to war effort.
        • Summer 1918
        • Agriculture
          • Grain requisitioning
            • Believed Kulaks were hoarding grain.
              • To force prices to rise.
            • Squads seized grain.
            • Resistance was met with brutality.
            • Peasants stopped growing grain .
              • Subsistence farming.
        • Inflation made money worthless.
        • Transport system collapsed.
        • Famine caused 5-10 million deaths. Needed aid from USA
        • Achieved its main aim.
      • New Economic Policy (NEP)
        • Kronstadt Rebellion caused Lenin to change his mind.
        • 1921
        • Small scale industries returned to original owners.
          • Industrial output recovered rapidly
        • Heavy industry and banks remained under state control
        • Grain requisitioning ended.
          • Replaced by small tax paid in grain
          • Agricultural out put soared.
        • Peasants could sell surplus.
        • Rouble was revalued bringing back some economic stability.
        • Private trade was permitted.
          • Increased product availability.
        • Split the Bolsheviks
          • Bukharin felt Russia's economy needed to grow rapidly.
          • Trotsky feared it was a return to capitalism.
    • Lenin's leadership
    • Context

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