Denazification essay question

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  • How successfully by the mid 1950's had the policy of Denazification, as agreed upon at Potsdam, been carried out in Germany
    • Soviet success
      • By September 1949 4000 new trainee teachers had been put i place in EG
      • A major reconstruction of society, including class divisions
      • 520,000 Nazis were removed from government and industry by 1949
    • Soviet failures
      • Lack of consistency, many were treated harshly however others were let off
      • the use of  political cleansing
      • the use of concentration camps as internments camps, 53,000 people died in these camps
        • Many executed without trial
    • Western failures
      • in the late 1950's many were given back their jobs in the civil service including a full pension
      • Percil certificates
      • A lack of  consistency between zones
      • march 1946 "law for liberation from national socialism" dealt with the easiest cases first, others were often disbanded
      • school systems weren't radically restructured
      • "the effects of the western allies  policies were to feed the collective amnesia" Fulbrook
    • Western success
      • 870,000 Nazis were removed from their jobs ( at least temporarily)
      • 230,000 Nazis were detained
      • They viewed each case individually
      • From June 1945 people could appeal the decision  to remove them from their jobs
      • Many people were re-educted through the media
    • The Potsdam agreement
      • Uniformity of treatment
      • Nazis would be tried for their crimes
      • Nazis would be removed from major political positions
      • Re-education for the German People
      • Untitled
    • Joint successes
      • Nuremberg  trials
        • 21 major Nazis were tried and charged
        • New and incriminating evidence was revealed
        • they were of "extreme importance to millions of people all over the world" (Lawrence)
        • "the trails did not help to deal with the far bigger question f what to do with and how to transform a society which had been steeped in Nazism" Fulbrook
      • The Nazi party was disbanded
      • There was no re-emergence of Nazism
    • Joint failures
      • Many of the German people were detached, they didn't recognise guilt
        • "collective amnesia"
      • a lack in uniformity between all zones
      • Many Nazis escaped punishment by fleeing or suicide
    • Denazification was abandoned by 1947
    • "Any more thorough purging of society would have led to a complete breakdown in public life" Rauh- Kuhner


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