Keeping our bodies Healthy

A mindmap on living a healthy lifestyle. Perfect for a quick revision summary

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Victoria
  • Created on: 09-05-13 14:18
View mindmap
  • Keeping our Bodies healthy
    • Malnutrition
      • eating too much or too little can lead to malnutrtion
      • Eating too lottle of particular types of food can lead to deficiency diseases
    • What is a balanced Diet?
      • A diet that contains the right amount of the different food groups for your individual needs.
      • A balanced diet is affected by age, gender, activity levels, the proportion of muscle to fat in your body, and your genes.
    • How healthy are you?
      • Metabolic rate
        • This is the rate at which the chemical reactions take place in your cells
        • It is affected by: Inherited features, proportion of muscle to fat, amount of exercise
        • If you have a fast metabolic rate, you will need to eat more to maintain your weight.
      • Body Mass Index (BMI)
        • Doctor's use BMI to indicate if you may be likely to suffer from health problems.
        • BMI = weight (kg) / height (m)
      • Percentage body fat
        • Women should have no more than 30% body fat to be healthy
        • Men should have no more than 25%
        • Measure using a SKINFOLD CALIPER
      • Heart rate
        • Generally, the lower the rate, the healthier you are
        • the quicker your heart rate returns to normal after exercise, the healthier you generally are
    • Exercise
      • Effects of exercise
        • Increases metablic rate (e.g. respiration)
        • Decreases blood pressure
        • Decreases obesity/ cholesterol
      • Lowers risk of
        • heart disease
        • arthritis
        • diabetes
    • Cholesterol
      • Cholesterol is made in the liver
      • You need it to make...
        • cell membranes
        • sex hormones
        • hormones to help you deal with stess
      • The amount and type of fat you eat affects cholesterol levels
      • High levels of cholesterol in blood increase risk of getting heart disease or blocked blood vessels.
      • The amount of cholesterol in your blood depends on...
        • how your liver works (limited)
        • Amount of exercise
        • Metabolism
        • Diet
        • HDl/LDL ratio
      • Cholesterol is carried around your body by 2 types of lipoproteins
        • low-density lipoproteins
          • bad cholesterol - increase risk of heart problems
        • high-density lipoproteins
          • good cholesterol, reduce risk of heart disease
      • 3 main types of fat in food
        • saturated fats
          • increase LDL cholesterol levels. Found in animal fats - meat butter cheese
        • Mono-unsaturated fats
          • Improves the balance between LDLs and HDLs in blood. Found in olive oil, olives, peanuts, margarines
        • Poly unsaturated fats
          • These are even better at balancing LDLs and HDLs. Found in corn oil, sunflower oil, margarines and oily fish
    • Salt
      • Salt is vital in your diet
      • Needed for nervous system and reactions in cells
      • Excess salt can increase blood pressure

Comments

jxckson99

nice 1 LOL!

Swallowtail

A well organised mind map that neatly summarises some of the key information about diet and keeping healthy.  Get creative and add some images to the downloaded version to make it even more memorable.

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Healthy living resources »