Hardy/Ariel Poems

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  • Created on: 26-11-18 16:20
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  • Hardy/Ariel Poems
    • Journey of the Magi/In A Waiting Room
      • Hope
        • 'Then at dawn...a running stream and a water mill beating the darkness'
          • Beginning of stanza ('Then') shows change in tone
          • Christian connotations of 'water mill' - power to make bread/salvation/survival
          • Plosive alliteration of 'beating' creates a violent effect
          • 'Darkness' - personification of sin
        • The Darkling Thrush
          • 'The Century's corpse...shrunken/ frail/ gaunt/ chosen/ trembled'
            • Harsh 'c' alliteration creates a violent effect - symbolises death of the century + no point facing the next
            • 'Shrunken' creates vulnerable effect - death of nature/ hope
            • 'frail' + 'gaunt' - death imagery creates temporary effect - reflection of humanity
            • 'Chosen' creates an empowered effect - Thrush still has a will
            • 'trembled' contrasts to previous 'leant' (lack of movement) - creates relieved effect (hope for future or death?)
      • Death of Society
        • 'a tavern with vine leaves over the lintel, six hands at an open door dicing for pieces of silver.'
          • Place of sin/ indulgence. 'Open door' suggests easy to sin again - typically a welcoming image
          • Vines cover/hide sins. Hands create desperate effect
          • 'Dicing' creates a violent effect - reflects physical they're exerting on themselves
          • Silver is a symbol of old age or 'ashes of weakness' in certain Psalms. Reflects action of trading (souls/ salvation)
        • In A Waiting Room
          • 'It rained on the skylight...no train came in...day of doom/gloom.'
            • Window imagery acts as shield from elements. Symbol of illumination, but juxtaposed and clouded by rain
            • 'Train' is death personified, and 'waiting room' is life (Purgatory)
            • 'Train'/ is no longer as important as children/life. Where adults failed, children will succeed.
              • Train/death is kept at bay but so is society
            • Plosive alliteration falls heavily at end of sentence. Hardy's/ society's demise
              • Contrasts to 'Eastern flame' - children can't be judged/punished but flame will die once they become adults
              • Circular rhyming structure of 'doom'/'gloom' suggests no change/ children - become adults
      • Religion
        • 'We returned to our places...alien people...I should be glad of another death'
          • Futile effect, Magi dares to 'question the universe' but fails to act
          • Magi has changed but society/ 'alien people' haven't
          • Metaphorical 'death' of old ways, leads to change/ reincarnation.
          • 'Birth or Death?' creates uncertain effect/ only certain thing is death
        • In A Waiting Room
          • 'bore a Testament...if suchwise bent...thronging/ scrawled/ scoffingly'
            • Table personifies weight of guilt/ corruption of the church
            • Sceptical words ('if'/'scoffingly') creates a scornful effect.
            • 'Scrawled' creates a disrespectful/ careless effect - Bible is useless, Hardy is unable to believe in anything
            • Harsh alliteration of 'count and cost' creates a coarse effect - reality of life + corruption of church (motivated by money)
    • Marina
      • After A Journey
      • Drummer Hodge
      • Drummer Hodge
        • Society
          • 'Those who sit in the sty of contentment, meaning Death.'
            • 'Sit' suggests lack of movement
            • 'Sty' creates connotations of pigs wallowing in mud - oxymoronic quality of 'contentment'
            • 'Sty' is also an eye illness - suggests lack of cleanliness + clouded eyesight
            • Beauty of life ('hummingbird') is negated by death - Answer of life/question
          • 'They throw in Drummer Hodge - uncoffined - never knew -'
            • ABAB rhyme scheme, keeps rhythm  like 'drummer'. Simplistic effect
            • Careless verb, 'throw' creates a disrespectful effect. Dashes create fragmented/ blunt effect
    • Animula
      • In A Waiting Room
        • Life/ Rebirth
          • 'Taking pleasure in the fragrant brilliance of the Christmas tree.'
            • THE NEW SOUL
            • Connotations of the Birth of Christ - most important/ significant soul. Time of celebration
          • 'But next...like an eastern flame of some high altar, children - a pair -'
            • Dashes physically surround the 'children' (corrupted or protected)/ not labeled separately/
            • 'Eastern Flame' - rising of sun/light. Power to change future.
            • 'But' at beginning of stanza signifies change in mood
            • 'High altar' places children higher than religion. Children are symbols of love/hope
      • The Going
        • Fear/ Connections
          • 'Misshapen, lame... denying the opportunity of the blood... disorded papers in a dusty room'
            • THE SOUL WITHDRAWS FROM THE WORLD
          • 'Softest call...saw morning harden...bending boughs.'
            • Plosive 'b' alliteration - physical blows/ heaviness of grief OR nature comforting
            • Oxymoron of 'morning harden' - always remembers her death more keenly than life
            • 'Softest' - lack of communication/ past happiness has hardened
            • 'Morning' is typically a symbol of hope/rebirth
      • In A Waiting Room
        • Society
          • 'drug of dreams curl up the small soul in the window seat...Encyclopaedia.'
            • Plosive alliteration of 'drug' creates fragmented effect - stumbling through life
            • Modernist image of 'window' suggests enlightenment (but not open to seeing the world)
            • THE SOUL LEARNS TO FEAR
            • Education/ experience teaches us to fear
          • 'It rained on the skylight...no train came in...day of doom/gloom.'
            • 'Train' is death personified, and 'waiting room' is life (Purgatory)
            • 'Train'/ is no longer as important as children/life. Where adults failed, children will succeed.
              • Train/death is kept at bay but so is society
            • Plosive alliteration falls heavily at end of sentence. Hardy's/ society's demise
              • Circular rhyming structure of 'doom'/'gloom' suggests no change/ children - become adults
              • Contrasts to 'Eastern flame' - children can't be judged/punished but flame will die once they become adults
            • Window imagery acts as shield from elements. Symbol of illumination, but juxtaposed and clouded by rain
    • A Song for Simeon
      • Time/ Humanity
        • 'Roman hyacinths…the winter sun creeps...stubborn season has made stand'
          • 'Hyacinths' - wild variety of spring bulb. Purple Hyacinth means 'plea for forgiveness'
          • Sibilance suggests Simeon's slipping hold on reality/life. Undermines strength of 'stand'
          • Oxymoron ('winter sun') suggests that until Simeon dies he's living a hollow life
        • The Comet at Yell'ham
          • 'Bends'/ 'stand and regard'/'fall'...'strange swift shine'
            • 'Bends' suggests adapting/ surviving - nature is eternal
            • 'Stand and regard' creates a stationary effect, emphasising the lack go movement
            • 'Fall' contrasts to 1st stanza - humanity will fall
            • Quadtrains creates a simplistic effect - death is simple fact of life
            • Sibilance emphasises speed of comet/ passing of time
            • No enjambment in 1st stanza creates a regular effect + slows pace (humans are simply observers)
            • Enjambments in 2nd stanza, shows feeling of insignificance+ shows distance from comet/ nature
      • Salvation
        • 'Light upon light, mounting the saints' stair.'
          • Religious connotations of Moses, paired with Modernist image ('stairs')
          • POL - 'I mount the stairs on hands and knees'
          • Repetition/ lazy alliteration of 'light' creates a lullabye effect
          • Simeon was a devout religious figure + hoped for redemption/to see the Messiah
            • Presents God as reliable/ Eliot wonders if he has been promised anything
        • During Wind and Rain
          • 'Candles mooning each face...creeping moss...build a shady seat.'
            • 'Mooning/creeping/shady' - gradual oncoming of darkness (death doesn't discriminate)
            • 'Shady' is juxtaposed with positive connotations of 'build' - creation vs. destruction
            • Personification of 'moss' suggests that time is catching up
      • Death
        • 'Grant me thy peace...I am tired...let thy servant depart.'
          • Repetition emphasises desperation to rest/die
          • Imperative/('Let') shows vulnerability - can't create salvation (must ask)
          • 'Let' suggests he is still questioning the universe, but is unable to act independently
          • 'Servant' suggests Eliot is humbled/ represents humanity
        • During Wind and Rain
          • 'The years, the years; down their carved names the rain-drop ploughs.'
            • Repetition suggests lamentation - emphasised by 'rain'. 'Drop' imitates speed of death arriving
            • Harsh consonants of 'carved' creates a coarse effect. Harsh reality of death
            • Plosive consonants of 'rain-drop ploughs' falls heavily at end of sentence - effect of finality
            • 'Rain' suggests erosion, but 'ploughs' suggests in death we become nature
  • 'We returned to our places...alien people...I should be glad of another death'
    • Futile effect, Magi dares to 'question the universe' but fails to act
    • Magi has changed but society/ 'alien people' haven't
    • Metaphorical 'death' of old ways, leads to change/ reincarnation.
    • 'Birth or Death?' creates uncertain effect/ only certain thing is death
  • 'Roman hyacinths…the winter sun creeps...stubborn season has made stand'
    • 'Hyacinths' - wild variety of spring bulb. Purple Hyacinth means 'plea for forgiveness'
    • Sibilance suggests Simeon's slipping hold on reality/life. Undermines strength of 'stand'
    • Oxymoron ('winter sun') suggests that until Simeon dies he's living a hollow life

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