(Hardy/Eliot) Death

  • Created by: NHow02
  • Created on: 19-03-19 14:13
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  • Death
    • Burial of the Dead
      • 'Those are pearls that were his eyes'
        • Eyes are seen as 'windows to the soul'
          • Jewels can be colourless or precious (rich or devastating)
        • Eliot adamantly believed his friend, Verdenal had died at sea
          • During the Gallipoli Campaign of WW1 (one example of a wasted death)
        • Shakespeare's Tempest, spoken by Ariel the lying spirit
        • 'That corpse you planted last year in your garden'
          • Fields of war will constantly be a part of society (hidden skeletons)
            • PTSD
          • 'Planted' creates a domestic, peaceful effect (but futile due to lack of water)
          • Eliot insists that poetry must be written with impersonal intent (not as himself)
            • 'mon semblable - mon frere!'
              • French for 'doppelgänger' (evil twin - acknowledg-ing axis/foe)
                • Edmund Wilson: Eliot's poems are based on 'empathy and condolence'
                  • Eliot also uses the literary past to draw 'heat he could not derive from life'
              • Fragments are a modernist aspect, inspired by symbolist poet Laforgue
    • The Comet at Yell'ham
      • 'bends' vs. 'stand and regard'
        • Nature adapts/ survives while humanity is stuck/ motionless
          • Darwin's 'origin of the species in 1858 led Hardy to question his faith
        • 1st Stanza has no enjambment slowing the pace (just observers)
        • 'bends' contrasts to 'fall'
          • Nature surpasses humanity (Comet will return after mankind is dead)
            • Hynes: 'stoic regret of the irrevocable passage of time'
            • Romanticism (artistic/ literary movement which developed a deep love for nature & the supernatural)
      • 'strange swift shine'
        • Sibilance creates a rapid flow (time slipping away or speed of the comet)
        • Enjambment is 2nd stanza creates an irregular effect (change in attitude)
          • Nature is ongoing (humanity is alienated as it is 'strange')
    • The Hollow Men
      • 'tumid river'/ 'multi foliate rose'
        • Alludes to Dante's Paradiso (positivity/ salvation in death)
        • Contrasts to 'the crowd flowed over London Bridge'
        • Dante's Inferno: river Acheron (damned must cross to enter the land of the dead)
          • Swollen river suggests the underworld is drowning in the great number of  deaths
      • Paradoxical effect of 'hollow' + 'stuffed' (souls cannot be reformed)
        • Not blessed to enter Dante's Paradiso
        • Society is not a blank slate (beyond a mental breakdown)
          • Repetition of 'Between' (trapped in an intermittent state/ purgatory)
        • Repetitive use of 'we' pronouns creates an inclusive effect
    • In Time of 'The Breaking of Nations'
      • 'a maid and her wight'
        • Innocent/ real idea (unaware of previous suffering)
          • ABAB rhyme scheme emphasises cycle of life (Insignificant yet important)
        • Hardy was in his mid-70's during WW1 (impact of war at home)
        • Archaic word represents societal recuperation (past returns)
          • However, 'wight' suggests a temporary affair (loss of position in society)
          • Hynes: 'stoic regret of the irrevocable passage of time'
      • 'thin smoke without flame'
        • 'without flame' suggests soldiers are fighting without hope/light
          • 'will go onward' was a typical WW1 attitude  (using soldiers as canon-fodder)
        • Smoke of no-man's land (clearing, end of the aftermath)
        • Smoke screen creates a lost effect (soldiers didn't know what they were fighting for)
          • 'thin' suggests lack of shield OR weakened soldiers (no substance left)
          • Written during the 1st World War. Hardy predicts how war will end
            • War stanza in the middle of the poem (wordly event that we will recover from)


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