ENGLISH LITERATURE PERIODS/ERA'S/MOVEMETS

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  • 1700's
    • 1800's
      • 1900's
        • Second Wave Feminism 1968- early 1980's
          • Third Wave Feminism early 1990's-present day
            • 1900's
              • Second Wave Feminism 1968- early 1980's
                • Third Wave Feminism early 1990's-present day
                  • Interesting the language used to oppress women, (post-structuralist) or "micro politics"
                  • Sex positive feminism
                • Key figures:Alice Walker, Toni Morrison, Betty Friedan
                • "The personal is political."
                • Reproductive rights of women, as well as work place rights and economic focus
                  • Greater emphasis on women of colour's rights (post-colonial feminism), alongside single mothers and divorced women
              • Freudian psycho-analysis method developed early 1 900's
                • 'Oedipus complex' the sexual motivation behind every act, desire and creation
                • Incorporated new ideals, such as Darwinism, class conflict,as well as Freudian and existentialist ideas
                  • Existentialism: the philosophical exploration of what it means to be alive, our identity, ect.
                    • Key figures:Albert Camus,Milan Kundera, William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying,
                    • Freudian psycho-analysis method developed early 1 900's
                      • 'Oedipus complex' the sexual motivation behind every act, desire and creation
                      • Incorporated new ideals, such as Darwinism, class conflict,as well as Freudian and existentialist ideas
                        • Existentialism: the philosophical exploration of what it means to be alive, our identity, ect.
                          • Key figures:Albert Camus,Milan Kundera, William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying,
              • 2000'S
                • WWI (1914) and WWII  (1939)
                  • Post-modernism
                    • Scepticism towards grand narratives, generally secular ideals
                      • A response to the dogma of Enlightenmentthinkingand modernist approaches to literature
                        • Generally fond of unreliable narrators and intertextuality
                        • Include elements of black humour, irony, fragmentation,parody of classic fiction and passive voice
                        • Key figures: Margret Atwood, Kurt Vonnegut, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Joseph Heller
                • Expressionism, early 1900's
                • Acmeist poetry movement1910's
                  • Focused on the conciseness and clarity of poems.Placed Alexander Pope and Rudyard Kipling among their predecessors
                • Edwardian era - 1901-1914
                  • "The Party King"
              • Interesting the language used to oppress women, (post-structuralist) or "micro politics"
              • Sex positive feminism
            • Key figures:Alice Walker, Toni Morrison, Betty Friedan
            • "The personal is political."
            • Reproductive rights of women, as well as work place rights and economic focus
              • Greater emphasis on women of colour's rights (post-colonial feminism), alongside single mothers and divorced women
          • 2000'S
            • WWI (1914) and WWII  (1939)
              • Post-modernism
                • Scepticism towards grand narratives, generally secular ideals
                  • A response to the dogma of Enlightenmentthinkingand modernist approaches to literature
                    • Generally fond of unreliable narrators and intertextuality
                    • Include elements of black humour, irony, fragmentation,parody of classic fiction and passive voice
                    • Key figures: Margret Atwood, Kurt Vonnegut, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Joseph Heller
            • Expressionism, early 1900's
            • Acmeist poetry movement1910's
              • Focused on the conciseness and clarity of poems.Placed Alexander Pope and Rudyard Kipling among their predecessors
            • Edwardian era - 1901-1914
              • "The Party King"
          • First Wave Feminism 1848-1920
            • Focused on gaining the vote for women
            • Black female author Frances E.W Walker 1951 Short Stories
            • Gain property and equal trade rights usually denied to women
            • Key figures: Kate Chopin, Henrik Ibsen's (A Dolls House),Virginia Woolf,
            • "A white woman has only one handicap to overcome, a great one, her sex; a coloured woman faces two; her sex and her race." - Mary Church Terrell
          • Modernism late 1800's, early 1900's
            • Interesting the absurd,and changing political, economic and technological factors on our identities
              • Key figures: Ezra Pound, Franz Kafka, F. Scott Fitzgerald,W. B. Yeats, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, e. e. summings, T.S Eliot, D.H Lawrence
              • Destroyed the idea that artists were all part of the 'bourgeois'
            • Victorian Era 1837-1901
              • Key figures:Oscar Wilde, Charlotte, Anna and Emily Bronte, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Christina Rosetti,CharlesDickens, William Thackeray
              • Features included class conflict,the 'fallen woman', social etiquette and an increased numberunconventionalfemales
              • Peace and prosperity.
              • Rise of the middle class, nuclear family, strict morality
            • Industrial revolution
              • Marxism
                • Influenced Leo Tolstoy
                  • Anna Karenina: the symbolism of the train
              • Class conflict in England
              • Greater means of communication
                • Trains, railways, ships, telegraphs, telephones,
                  • Anna Karenina: the symbolism of the train
              • Huge population increase
          • Enlightenment period
          • Romantic period
            • Rebuttal to the 'heartless' attitudes in the sciences and the brutality of the industrial revolution
              • Sought to reintroduce religion,nature, and love as key forces of life
            • Key figures: Lord Byron, Shelley, Coleridge, Keats, Wordsworth, Blake, Walter Scott
            • Poetry: She Walks In Beauty,Love's Philosophy, Music,
            • Apprehension, horror, terror, awe shown through gothic themesor utopian themes
            • Victorian Era 1837-1901
              • Key figures:Oscar Wilde, Charlotte, Anna and Emily Bronte, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Christina Rosetti,CharlesDickens, William Thackeray
              • Features included class conflict,the 'fallen woman', social etiquette and an increased numberunconventionalfemales
              • Peace and prosperity.
              • Rise of the middle class, nuclear family, strict morality
          • Industrial revolution
            • Marxism
              • Influenced Leo Tolstoy
              • Class conflict in England
              • Greater means of communication
                • Trains, railways, ships, telegraphs, telephones,
                • Huge population increase

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