Godden & Baddeley '75

Godden and Baddeley 1975

Context dependent memory experiment 

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  • Created by: Jenny
  • Created on: 16-04-14 18:13
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  • Godden & Baddeley '75
    • Aim
      • to investigate whether a natural environment can act as a cue for recall
    • Procedure
      • 18 participants from university diving club
      • learn a list of 38 unrelated words
      • learn on dry recall underwater    (+reversed)
      • learn dry recall dry         (reverse underwater)
      • conducted over 4 days     24 hour delay for each condition
    • Results
      • 50% higher in same learnt and recall environment
        • higher for land (13.5 instead of 11.4)
    • Conclusion
      • environment can act as a contextual cue for recall
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • realistic setting - generalisable
        • no cheating
      • Weaknesses
        • lack of control - equipment failure
        • interference memory
        • low validity - not standardised

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