Gesell theory

  • Created by: maizie
  • Created on: 04-07-18 11:34
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  • Gesell-  Maturation Theory
    • Maturation refers to the characteristics and differences not observed at birth but which emerge later in life.
    • The perspective assumes that individuals have a biological clock that determines when and at what rate development will progress.
    • Maturation is a genetically programmed sequence of change e.g. puberty and menopause.
    • He developed a normative approach to child development by observing large numbers of children to find the skills and abilities most children had in each age group.
    • His findings were used to create the developmental milestones or norms.
    • He suggested that children move through a sequence of development at their own pace.
    • Development was therefore predetermined and if the child experienced delayed development then it was a hereditary problem, not environmental.
    • Critisism
      • This theory is better to explain the biological clock instead of intellectual, emotional and social.
        • However, the theory does not explain individual or cultural differences in development or for children with learning difficulties.


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