Geopolitics of Water supply within a country

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  • Geopolitics of Water supply within a country
    • 1.Often when countries compete for water resources international agreements and treaties have to be drawn up on how best to manage shared water supplies
    • 2. Under the Helsinki Rules there is an agreement that international treaties must include concepts such as equitable use and share
    • Therefore the criteria for water sharing should include
      • Natural factors
        • Rainfall amounts, shared of drainage basin
      • Social and economic needs
        • Population size , development
      • Downstream impacts
        • Restricting flow, lowering water tables
      • Dependency
        • Are alternative water sources available?
      • Prior use
        • Existing vs. potential use
      • Efficiency
        • Avoiding waste and mismanagement of water

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