Gender differences in achievement 

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  • Gender differences in achievement
    • External factors
      • Changes in family
        • An increase in divorece rate
          • Meaning again girls will take on the breadwinning role
        • An increase in single parents
          • Female-headed families inspire girls too to work hard at school as women have to take over the breadwinning role
        • Smaller families
          • Have to support their family in the future so have to get a good job in order to support them
      • Changes in women's employment
        • The 1970 Equal Pay Act made it illegal to pay different amounts of money for the same job
          • Yet, this has been challenged as men are more likely to receive wanted job premotions
      • Girls's changing ambitions
        • Sue Sharpe interviewed girls at a school in 70s and found all girls wanted to be married, have the expressive role and have chidlren
          • But in the 90s she asked again and found that they wanted to have a career and wanted to go to university
    • Internal Factors
      • Equal Opportunities
        • GIST (Girls Into Science and Technology) encourage girls to do the less "traditional" and gendered "fit" classes in schools and pursue careers that are non-traditional
        • As science is now compulsory for all students at schools this has encouraged more girls to continue it further
      • Positive role models
        • Male teachers have been on the rise in recent years but due to schools having more female teachers, the girls are inspired to pursue a career from them
        • It could be argued that primary schools have become "feminised" creating a "gender domain" that inspires girls from a young age but can put down boys
          • Seawell agreed with this and also said that schools do not embrace masculine traits such as competitiveness and celebrate traits mostly found in girls such as being kind
      • GCSE and coursework
        • Mitsos and Browne found that girls perform better at schools for a number of reasons
          • Spend more time on their work
          • Are better prepared
          • Are more self-conscience of their work
          • Are better at meeting deadlines
          • Have the right equipment


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