Religiosity and Social Groups: Gender and Religiosity

  • Created by: Anjalee
  • Created on: 05-01-13 14:04
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  • Religiosity and Social Groups: Gender and Religiosity
    • In 1993, 63% of Church attendance was by females with 37% being male. Davie claims that while religious leaders tend to be male, the participants are largely female. 
    • Reasons for Gender Differences
      • Socialisation and gender role
        • Miller and Hoffman state that women are taught to be passive and obedient; qualities suited to religion. Men who also have these qualities are more likely to be religious. Women are also seen to have more time for religion.
        • Greeley argues that taking care of family  increases women’s religiosity. Davie argues their closer proximity to birth and death creates differences in the way men and women see God.
      • Women and the New Age
        • Heelas and Woodhead found that 80% of the Holistic Milieu in Kendal were female, as such movements gave women a higher status and sense of self-worth. Bruce argues that women's experiences of child-rearing make them caring. 
        • In Bruce's view, this fits the expressive emphasis of NAMs. Callum Brown argues that New Age 'self' religions appeal to women's wish for independence. However, some women may be attracted to fundamentalism because of the certainties of gender roles.




Thank you for these, they're all great.

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