Ethnicity and Beliefs - Scholars

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  • Created by: HLOldham
  • Created on: 28-03-16 21:05
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  • Ethnicity and Beliefs
    • John Bird - Explanations for Higher Religiosity
      • Identifies 5 reasons ethnic minority groups are more religious
      • 1. Many members of ethnic minority groups originate in societies that have high levels of religiosity such as Pakistan and the Caribbean
      • 2. Belonging to an ethnic minority group within a society means that religion can be an important basis for a sense of community and solidarity
      • 3. Minority groups see religion as a way of maintaining cultural identity in terms of traditions
      • 4. Socialization can lead to strong pressure on children to maintain religious committment
        • Especially among Asian groups
      • 5. Religious beliefs may be a way to cope with oppression
    • Steve Bruce (1995)
      • Believes religiosity is more of an expression of community rather than religious committment
      • Religion is...
        • 2. Cultural Transition - used to cope with the upheaval of migration
        • 1. Cultural Defence - using religion to protect identity in a hostile environment
      • Believes that over time the secular nature of British society will erode the importance of religion for ethnic minorities
    • Modood
      • Modood supports this
        • Believes that over time the secular nature of British society will erode the importance of religion for ethnic minorities
      • Found that younger Chinese, White and Afro-Caribbean people were considerably less religious than their parents
        • In some groups there was no decline between generations - particularly Muslims
    • Weber (1920)
      • Immigrants had high levels of belief before they migrated to the UK
      • Religion acts as an explanation for the disadvantaged
    • Butler (1995)
      • 'Cultural Hybridity' - a blending of cultures
    • Ken Pryce
      • Observation in St Paul's, Bristol
    • Ramji (2007)
      • Islam is a way for Muslim men to secure a dominant gender identity
      • Men that held patriarchal attitudes justified them with Islam
      • Muslim women have a duty to be modest
        • E.g, Covering up with a veil, staying out of the public sphere and they cannot take paid employment

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