Social Groups & Religiosity (Age, Gender, Ethnicity)

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  • Social Groups & Religiosity
    • Age
      • Older people more likely to attend church
      • 60% churches had no attendee's between 15-19
      • Voas and Crockett
        • Result of people becoming religious as they age
          • Life experiences; children want to socialise them or closer to death
        • Period effect; born in a period where religion high
        • Secularisation means each generation less religious
    • Gender
      • Women more religious, 84% women believe in God
      • Women are socialised to be passive, caring (Hoffman)
      • Women have more religious roles, more time to participate
      • Attitude to risk: men more likely to take risks
        • Being religious determines future; less risk for women
      • (Bruce) Religion links to femininity. Healing, nurturing links to NAMS
        • W/C women support religions, passive
        • M/C women experience more control, attracted to NAMS
    • Ethnicity
      • Bruce
        • Ethnic minorities more religious
        • Religiosity is expression of community/solidarity
        • Cultural defence- religion reinforces identity
        • Cultural transition- religion helps in hostile environments
      • UK most populated religion; Christianity

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