Gender and Crime 

  • Created by: ecotts
  • Created on: 12-11-17 18:44
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  • Gender and Crime
    • Statistics
      • Official statistics show that men commit more crimes then women
        • Known as the gender gap/ sex- crime ratio
      • In England and Wales 95% of prisoners are male, 5% are female.
      • Men are 3x more likely than women to be taken to court and convicted of offences
      • Heidensohn and Silvestri
        • In 1867, women had been convicted for 23% of crimes
      • Men are 60x more likely for sex offences with women 7x more likely then men to be the victim of sexual abuse
    • Why do men commit more crime than women?
      • Sex- Role Theory and gender socialisation
        • Argues men are more likely to commit crime because of their core elements to the 'gendered role'- socialisation
          • girls and boys are socialised differently
            • Parsons= Child-rearing carried out by mothers, girls have a clear role model to follow that emphasis care and support
            • Cohen= Boys lack a role model within the household to steer the away from crime and to give them a caring domestic role to aspire towards
              • Boys look to male gangs and subcultures instead
        • Males are the breadwinner of the family, they are more independent than women
          • They lack responsibility for children and housework; provides them with more opportunity to commit crimes
      • The assertion of masculinity
        • Explains the high offending rates of men in terms of the concepts of masculinity
        • Connell= If men don't conform to the feature of hegemonic masculinity  they are labelled effeminate or abnormal
        • Messerschmist= men turn to crime when legal ways of asserting masculinity are not open to them
          • They use violence to against women and other men to assert their masculinity
        • Lyng= men express masculinity through edge work (radical behaviour)
          • Crime appeals to the working class and young men as it allows them to gain a status
      • Labelling Theory
        • Police have assumptions and stereotype people especially men as they see them as potential offenders
        • The police more likely label the male behaviour as primal and press charges against them more than women
      • Control Theory, Rational Choice and Opportunity
        • Men dominate the public sphere (society) where crime takes place and they face fewer constraints than women such as housework and childcare
        • Men have less too lose in terms of reputation as it may well benefit their reputation potentially  giving them more of a status

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