Functions of attachments

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  • Created by: Danni
  • Created on: 02-12-12 17:10
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  • Functions of attachments
    • Cupboard love theory
      • Attach to person who provides nurture in form of food
      • Babies don't necessarily attach to person who feeds them
        • Harlow (1958) - baby monkeys preferred cloth mother over wire mother that provided food
    • Internal working model
      • Bowlby (1969) - attachment = serves function in long-term - provides child with internal working model of relationships
        • Enables child to have expectations of caregiver + makes future interactions easier
      • Child's earliest relationship provides framework for all following relationships
        • Notion of continuity in relationships = deterministic + pessimistic - if all relationships = unhappy + insecure, all will be
      • Idea that early relationships set scene for later ones = apealing
      • Barnes (1995) - combines several psychological perspectives e.g. cognitive (understanding of attachment) + behaviourist (behaviours that are rewarding = likely to be repeated)
    • Survival value theory
      • Precocial (immediately mobile at birth) species - close to mother + protection of group - avoid predators
      • Lorenz (1935) - young goslings reared away from species = attached to 1st moving objest they saw (usually mother)
        • Imprinting: keep gosling safe from harm
    • Communication theory
      • Bower (1979) - infants = selective in attachment figure - select who best communicates with them
        • Not necessarily who spends longest with child - person who child can use to get things they need
          • E.g. Prefers attachment figure who can distinguish what's required from a cry
      • Theory = linked to Ainsworth's views on sensitive-resposiveness


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