Crime: Functionalism

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  • Created by: Anjalee
  • Created on: 11-06-13 10:53
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  • Functionalism
  • Crime
  • Durkheim: Not everyone is socialised effectively. Complex division of labour leads to Anomie. Punishment reaffirms society's norms. Too much tears society apart, too little prevents change.
  • Davis: Prostitution is a safety valve. Cohen: Deviance is a warning of insufficient institutions. Erikson: social control sustains a certain level of crime.
  • Strain Theory
  • Subcultural Strain Theories
  • Cohen: status frustration causes people to make their own subcultures. They commit non-utilitarian crimes to punish society.
  • Cloward and Ohlin: Criminal Subcultures-utilitarian crimes, Conflict Subcultures- Non-utilitarian crimes, Retreatist Subcultures-double failures.


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