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  • Finishes
    • Chemical
      • **chemistry**
      • Where chemicals are used to change the fabric.
      • Laminating.
        • Fabric bonded using a heat adhesive.
      • Bleaching
      • Crease Resistance
        • Resin appllied to fabric and heat set to prevent fabric creasing.
      • Anti-Static
        • A chemical based product is applied to stop the build up of electro-static charge.
      • Mercerising
        • Fabric place in Sodium Hydroxide solution/ FIbres swell and become more absorbent and strong.
      • Flame-Proofing
        • Chemical applied at yarn or fabric stage to slow down the burning process.
      • Waterproofing/Water-Repellent
        • Silicone-based chemical sprayed on to fabric to make fabric repel water.
      • Shrink Resistance
        • Involves a resin based finish or chlorine based treatment being applied to fabric to stop shrinking
      • Anti-Felting
        • An oxidative treatment applied to the fabric. Softens rough fibres preventing them from matting and felting.
    • Physical
      • **PHYSICS**
      • Where a machine or tool is used to change the fabric.
      • Brushing
        • Fabric passed through series of wire rollers. Fabric left soft and fluffy
      • Calendaring
        • Fabric passed through heated rollers. Gives a smooth finish.
      • Laser
        • Pattern is drawn onto the surface of the fabric.
      • Heat-Setting
        • Thermoplastic fabrics (synthetics) set in permanent shapes or pleats.
    • Biological
      • **BIOLOGY**
      • Where bacteria and enzymes are used on cellulose-based (plant) fibres.
      • Boistoning
        • Uses cellulose enzymes to give a faded effect. An alternative to using pumice stone.
      • Biopolishing
        • Adds sheen to fabrics using a biological enzyme.
    • Coated
      • Coating involves applying a layer of polymer to the surface of the fabric. Teflon coating makes fabrics stain resistant,  water repellent and breathable


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