Farrington

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 12-04-16 18:35
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  • Farrington
    • Aims:
      • 1. To document the start, durations and end of offending behaviour from childhood to adulthood in families.
      • 2. To investigate influence of life events and family backgrounds.
      • 3. To identify the risks and factors predicting offending and antisocial behaviour.
    • Design:
      • LONGITUDINAL survey. Lasted for 40 years. Data was gathered via INTERVIEWS with participants.
    • Participants:
      • 411 BOYS aged 8-9. From 6 state schools in South LONDON. Mainly WHITE, WORKING CLASS boys.
      • 40 years later, 394 of the original sample was still alive, however only 365 were INTERVIEWED.
    • Results:
      • At age 48, of 404 individuals searched for a criminal record, 161 had CONVICTIONS.
      • If the boys committed crimes between 10-13, re offending rates were 9/10, with 91% having MORE than 1 conviction.
      • Self-reported crimes not covered by the official statistics (not caught or convicted) show that 93% of the sample claimed to have committed AT LEAST 1 offence during their lives.
      • Those who were convicted both before AND after their 21ST birthday were known as PERSISTERS. These were found to share common CHARACTERISTICS.
      • POSITIVE CORRELATION found between those who have a CONVICTED PARENT and the PERSISTERS. Those who had parents NOT convicted were LESS LIKELY to be involved in crime.
        • Perisisters found to be very HIGH DARING, had a DELINQUENT SIBLING, YOUNG MOTHER, LOW POPULARITY, DISRUPTED/LARGE FAMILY.
    • Conclusions:
      • Most important RISK FACTORS: CRIMINALITY IN FAMILY, POVERTY, IMPULSIVENESS, POOR CHILD REARING, POOR SCHOOL PERFORMANCE.
      • EARLY PREVENTION which aims to reduce offending will also reduce problems in ACCOMMODATION, RELATIONSHIPS, EMPLOYMENT, AGGRESSIVE behaviour, ALCOHOL and DRUG abuse.

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