Upbringing- Disrupted Families: Farrington et al
Method Longitudinal study into factors influencing criminal behaviours.
Sample 411 boys from Camberwell, East London aged 8-9. By the age of 48, 365 males were interviewed.
Measurements Self reports of boys, parents, teachers,tests and official criminal statistics.
Results Convicted parents, poor supervision and disrupted familes all increased the risk of later convictions.
Upbringing- Theory of Differential Association: Sutherland
Method Theory after studying professional thief.
Sample No sample- it's a theory.
Measurements Theory- no measurements.
Results Criminal behaviour is learnt. If the majority of your associations break the law, then the probability of you breaking the law increases.
Upbringing- Poverty and Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods: Farrington et al
Method Longitudinal study into factors affecting criminal behaviour.