The Fall of Thomas Cromwell

Mindmap with the 4 points which are condiered the reasons for the fall of Thomas Cromwell. 

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  • Fall of Cromwell
    • Trial of John Lambert
      • 1538 - John Lambert was put on trial for denying the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist.
    • Six Articles
      • 1539 - Showed Henry was more conservative then radical regarding his religious orientation. This put Cromwell in a difficult position as it allowed the conservative nobility to use Henry's religious orientation against him.
    • Marriage to Anne of Cleves
      • The interlinking of Cromwell's domestic and foreign policies had run into problems by 1540... An attack by the Catholic Church on England encouraged him to seek an alliance.
        • He formed an alliance with the Duchy of Cleves. It would be sealed by the marriage of Anne to Henry.  henry was impressed by Holbein's painting of Anne and he agreed the marriage would have political advantages
          • When Anne arrived Henry was not impressed.He blamed Cromwell for 'forcing' him into the marriage, further encouraging the Duke of Norfolk to act against Cromwell.
    • Accusations of Heresy
      • His fate was seald when his support for a number of know heretics came to light
        • Lord Lisle stated that Cromwell had not enforced punishments for heretical behaviour in Calais.
          • Robert Barnes was a close friend of Cromwell and did a sermon on justification by faith alone & was sent to the tower. the Duke of Norfolk used this against Cromwell.
  • Cromwell was arrested at the Council meeting on 10th June 1540.  He was tried at the house of lords  by an Act of Attainder (meaning there was no need for trial) under the accusation of Heresy. He was found guilty and executed on 28th July 1540 - the same day Henry married Catherine Howard.


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