The Dissolution of the Monastries

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 24-01-15 16:16

The "regular Clergy"

  • Took vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
  • Ordained Monks = choir monks
  • Unordained Monks = lay brothers
  • Monks and Nuns are "claistered" i.e. isolated from the world as a member of a religious order

Monasteries in 16th Centry

  • monastery = term to describe religious houses
  • AKA = Abbey
  • 850 instituitions in England
  • significant for = archietcutre, learning, production of illuminated manuscripts
  • majority of books/library
  • Abbot - person in charge - had finacial ability, socialise with members of nobility and gentry

Monastic Order:

  1. Benedictines - 4 vows = obedience, chastity, poverty and manual labour
  2. Cistercians - lived in isolated rural locations, not as scholary as the Benedictines but focused on agriculture and hard manual labour
  3. Carthusians - lived lifes of isolation and silence
  4. Augustiniuns - called "black canons", lived in communities, popular among the people
  5. Cluniacs - tried to return the Benedictines rule to its original simplicity, spent much of their time in devotion, left agriculture to paid servants
  6. Carmelites - white friars
  7. Dominicans - black friars
  8. Franciscans - grey friars

Preparing for the Dissolution

  • 1520s = Wolsey dissolved 29 monastries, purpose of funding a grammar school in Oxford
  • Monasteries were "decayed" i.e. they had ceased to be viable
  • All closures - totally legal, papal permission
  • As Wolsey fell from power before the paperwork was complete, Henry took the money for himself
  • Most of the work was completed by Thomas Cromwell

     What was significant?

  • before Wolsey's fall
  • before Break from Rome
  • Wolsey's idea
  • not attack but reform
  • Precedent (event that occured and is used again)
  • Cromwell…

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