factors influencing sociologists choice of method

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • factors influencing sociologists choice of method
    • PRACTICAL ISSUES
      • time and money
        • different methods use different amounts of time and money.
        • for example large scale surveys use lots of interviewers and data inputting staff and may require a great deal of time and money to get reliable and accurate results.
      • requirements of funding bodies
        • research institutes businesses and other orginisations that provide the funding for tearch may require the results to be in a particular form.
        • for example  a government may want quantitative data to be produced through research on education for example
      • personal skills and characteristics
        • each sociologist may have different skills affecting the type of research they can do or will be the most effective
        • for example participant observation usually means the sociologist musty be able to mix wel with others and keep up an act if it is covert
      • subject matter
        • it may be harder to study particular groups by a certain method e.g it may be hard for a male sociologist to study a convent
      • research opportunity
        • sometimes the opportunity to collect information come out of the blue without time to prepare
    • ETHICAL ISSUES
      • informed consent
        • each participant should be offered the right to refuse to be studies however this does not always happen if the observation is covert
      • confidentiality and privacy
        • researchers should keep the identities of the participants private to prevent possible negative effects on them
        • also the personal information of the participants should also be kept private and confidential
      • effects on participants
        • research participants may come into contact with police intervention, harm to employment, social exclusion and physiological damage
      • vulnerable groups
        • special care should be taken when dealing with participants with a disability, either mentally or physically.
        • for example when studying children in schools there are child protection issues; e.g consent from both child and child parents.
      • covert research
        • this is deceiving and lying to the participantswith can be ethically wrong
    • THEORETICAL ISSUES
      • validity
        • a valid method is one that produces a true or genuine picture of what something is really like.
        • many sociologists argue that qualitative data is more valid that quanatitive
      • reliability
        • reliability is if the study can be repeated easily and the same results achieved.
        • quantitative methods such as written questionnaires produce more reliable results.
      • representitave-ness
        • if a study is representative then it means the individuals studied and there actions are the same as a larger group of the same people; the sample is representative
      • methodological perspective
        • choice of method is heavily infulenced by there methodological perspective.
        • for example an interpretivist prefers qualitive data and beleives sociology is not a science; they seek to understand the meanings behind the participants actions.
        • however positivists prefer quantitative data that measures systematic behavior of the participants due to external influences such as society; they believe science can explain behaiour
  • methodological perspective
    • choice of method is heavily infulenced by there methodological perspective.
    • for example an interpretivist prefers qualitive data and beleives sociology is not a science; they seek to understand the meanings behind the participants actions.
    • however positivists prefer quantitative data that measures systematic behavior of the participants due to external influences such as society; they believe science can explain behaiour

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Sociological research methods resources »