Themes & Factors

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  • Created by: Zarz77
  • Created on: 12-06-16 20:08
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  • Factors
    • Science & technology
      • Invention of the water pump (circulation of blood).
      • Bronze tools for mummification(and surgery) in Egypt.
      • Engineering skills of Romans for public health.
      • Prehistoric Flint tools for trephining.
      • Invention of the printing press in the Middle Ages.
      • Invention of the microscope in the 19th century.
      • New artists in the Renaissance.
    • War
      • Bad
        • War involved in the Medieval period prevented progress.
        • War surgeons thought it was unmanly to use chloroform.
        • Stopped research for medicine because the money was spent on war and patching up soldiers instead.
          • WW1- Doctors gained experience, improved skills in brain surgery, head surgery and plastic surgery. X-rays became popular (quicker and less traumatic for patients). Blood transfusions and better antiseptics.
      • Good
        • Franco Prussian War (1860-71) brought out rivalry between Koch and Pasteur.
        • Boer War (1899-1902) highlighted the health problems of the British working class, which led to health inspections and free school meals in schools.
        • Crimean War (1854-56) helped nursing.
        • WW1- Doctors gained experience, improved skills in brain surgery, head surgery and plastic surgery. X-rays became popular (quicker and less traumatic for patients). Blood transfusions and better antiseptics.
        • Paré was a war surgeon.
        • Romans wanted their soldiers to be fit and healthy.
        • WW2- US invested money into penicillin in order to produce it for their injured soldiers.
    • Chance
      • Fleming and penicillin.
      • Simpson sniffing chloroform.
      • Jenner appearing at the village.
      • Paré and boiling oil.
      • Trial and error of medicine man. Lots of natural remedies worked for prehistoric people.
    • Religion
      • Bad
        • Church thought it was sinful to use chloroform in childbirth.
        • Evil spirits caused disease.
        • Galen and Vesalius couldn't dissect humans,
        • Witchdoctors
        • Plague sent by God.
        • Church opposed the use of Salverson 606 because it treated syphilis- they didn't want people to have more sex!
      • Good
        • Many hospitals run by the church (Christianity and Islam) in the Medieval period.
        • Mummification improved the knowledge of human anatomy.
        • Priests were doctors in early civilisations.
    • Government
      • British & US government fund penicillin research.
      • British government introduced compulsory vaccination in 1887 (smallpox).
      • Government aided both Pasteur and Koch by setting up institutes to help them.
      • Rome and public health.
      • Pharoahs- led to the creation of the first doctors.
      • Public Health Acts (1848 Permissive), (1875 compulsory).
      • Local laws in the Middle Ages to keep the streets clean.
      • Rome and the empire.
      • Introduction of the NHS in 1948.

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