EyeWitness Testimony

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  • EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY
    • Eyewitness - Individuals who see an event such as crime occurring and can give a report on the happenings
      • Eyewitness Testimony - refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed
    • Factors Effecting EWT : Post Event Information
      • Post-Event Information refers to what happened after the event that may have influenced the ability to recall the information
      • Re - constructive Memory (Bartlett, 1932)
      • Mis - Information Effect
      • KEY EVALUATION POINTS
    • Factors Effecting EWT : Stress and Arousal
      • Yerkes-Dodson Law (1908)
      • Applying this to EWT..
      • Flashbulb Memories...
      • KEY EVALUATION POINTS
    • Factors Affecting EWT ; The Weapon Effect
      • If there is a weapon used in an event this will affect eye witness recall..
        • This is because people concentrate on the weapon rather than other details
        • STRESS - Weapon causes high stress levels (Yerkes Dodson Law)
        • ATTENTION
        • Loftus et al. (1978)
        • KEY EVALUATION POINTS
    • Loftus and Palmer (1974) - Classic Study
    • Valentine and Mesout (2009) - Contemporary Study

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