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  • Eyesenk's Theory of Criminal Personality
    • Outline
      • Crime arises from certain personality traits
      • P's must answer Questionnaire which is later scored
      • Developed from Eyesenk's personality inventory [EPI]
    • Evaluation
      • Self report issues
      • Research is inconsistant- Farrington found P's scored high in P but not always in other categories
      • Ratings may vary due to stimulants and depressants
      • Zuckermann suggested extroversion may not be to do with environment & more to do with boredom
      • Reductionist
        • More modern theory: 5 factor model [DIGMAN} considers openness to experience, agreeable-ness & conscientiou-sness aswell as Neurotic and Extrovert
        • More than 1 type of criminal- [MOFFIT] Early starters, Adolescent Limited, Adult Starters and Discontinuous offenders
    • Research
      • MCGURK- 100 delinquent & 100 control students did EPI. Delinquents score more in P, N AND E personality types
      • COCHRANE- Review of studies of prisoners completing EPI's. Prisoners generally had high N scores but not E scores
    • Personality types
      • Originally, Eyesenk's test measured 2 personality types: Neuroticism & Extroversion
      • High neuroticism= Depression, anxiety & varied moods
        • High scores in these means you are more likely the be a criminal
      • High extroversion= constantly looking for stimulus around them
        • High scores in these means you are more likely the be a criminal
      • He later tested for Psychoticism also, a high score resembles criminal behaviour


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