Euthanasia

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  • Euthanasia:
    • Utilitarianism:
      • ACT:
        • Consequentialist: Each situation needs to be assessed
        • Hedonic Calculus: More concerned with preventing pain than actual pleasure
        • Principle of utility: People affected?
      • RULE:
        • Mill more likely to support person faced with mental degeneration (Alzheimer's)
        • Autonomy: "Over himself, over his mind and body, the individual is sovereign"
        • Look at the effects of a change in legalisation
      • PREFERENCE:
        • Hare: Might rule of non-voluntary as person could be seen to have  preference to be alive rather than not
        • Tony Bland- It would be best interests to keep him alive in case they can do something for him in the future
    • Kantian Ethics:
      • Importance of reason: Ignore the feelings of compassion, love and sympathy
        • Humans have an intrinsic worth as rational beings
        • Kant believes in autonomy- But humans have a  duty to protect people who have lost their capacity to reason
      • Universability: Contradiction of the will
    • Natural law:
      • Stopping Gods's purpose
      • Apparent good- May seem the right thing but it does not draw us closer to God gives us sense of moral guilt
      • PP- self preservation
      • Reason identifies "natural" or "cardinal virtues"- Fortitude- should be shown by people who are suffering greatly
    • Situation ethics:
      • "Love your neighbour as yourself"
      • SE is not antinomian, they have rules or principle, but those can be set aside of love is better served by doing so
      • Jesus abolished the law with its commandments and legal claims

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