Ethnicity and Crime Continued

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  • Created by: HLOldham
  • Created on: 30-04-16 13:45
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  • Ethnicity and Crime
    • Gilroy
      • Argues that crime committed by young African-Caribbean's is political; a result of their position in society
    • Hall
      • Criminalisation of black people began in the 70s
        • Moral panics as a result of the crisis of capitalism
    • Lea and Young
      • Left-realists
      • Four concepts to understand why some ethnic minorities commit crime
        • Relative Deprivation
        • Individualism
        • Marginalisation
        • Subculture
    • Role of the Police
      • Reiner (1989) police racism can be individual, cultural or structural
        • INDIVIDUAL officers may discriminate
        • Officers actions ma be affected by a 'POLICE CULTURE'  in which certain groups are seen as troublesome and suspicious
        • STRUCTURAL content of police activity - i.e police certain areas more, white collar crime tends to go unnoticed
    • Facts
      • Concern over policing, crime and racism has been a long-running theme in UK society
      • Concern was heightened following the racist murder of Stephan Lawrence (1993)
      • Murder of 10 year old Damilola Taylor  (2001) was seen as the Metropolitan Polices 1st big test since the Stephan Lawrence case
        • However, the trial collapsed in 2001 due to police and crown prosecution failings according to official investigations
    • Evidence for Institutional Racism
      • Stephan Lawrence's murder in 1993
        • Police thought it 'just was another drug deal gone wrong in the black community'
        • Interviews with white racists were bungled and it later became impossible to make a conviction against the killers stand, even in the civil court
        • The McPherson report 2000 argued that institutional racism, the stereotyping of blacks in the police 'canteen culture', was to blame
        • The Government began keeping stats on ethnic criminality and victimization, to monitor progress on justice, recruitment and community relations
      • The Policy Studies Institute found that blacks were 100% more likely to be stopped and searched. Yet only 3% of all incidents resulted in an arrest
      • Landau and Nathan found that the police exercised discretion in favor of white and against blacks, who were less likely to be cautioned and more likely to be charged
      • Blom-Cooper found that blacks in Brixton were more likely to be charged with the more serious offence, where police had a choice of several


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