Ethical trading and environmental issues

  • Created by: Emmy sale
  • Created on: 17-04-15 09:38
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  • Ethical trading and Environmental issues
    • Growing of Cotton
      • uses vast amounts of water and valuable land that could be used for food crops.
        • Often where cotton is grown there is not enough water for the people that live there to drink.
    • Workers in LEDCs
      • Paid very little and forced to work long hours in hot, cramped and dangerous factories.
      • Workers can often be young children.
      • Textile products that are sold at low prices often have been manufactured with no regard for the workers health, safety or dignity.
        • This leads consumers to consumers to ask themselves if the cheap fashion products they soon throw away as a new trend appears are wroth the human suffering involved in its production
    • Environmental impact of textiles manufacture
      • Due to the effect of using pesticides and fertilisers on cotton crops and the consequential pollution of water and surrounding land; many look for organically grown or 'green cotton'- which is less harmful to the environment and sustainable plant fibres like bamboo, hemp and Ramie
    • Dyeing methods
      • Use up large amounts of water and produce toxic waste which must be treated before disposal
      • Synthetic fibres can have colour put into the spinning solution so the fabric doesn't need to be dyed afterwards.
        • some people avoid choosing fabrics made from synthetic fibres that are not biodegradable as they end up in landfill sites wen they are thrown away and the chemicals in them can seep out into nearby fields and rivers.
    • Animal Rights
      • People concerned with animal rights and welfare will avoid buying real fur and leather products. Moral/ethical issues.
    • Aftercare of textile products
      • Is important because some fabrics can be ironed and washed at lower temperatures, thus saving a lot of electricity
    • Excessive packaging
      • Produces a lot of waste and uses energy and materials to make and transport the packaging
      • Many consumers choose to refuse a designer carrier bag  or the layers of tissue paper and fabric ribbons
    • Fairtrade and eco-friendly products
      • Its standards specify minimum social, economic and environmental requirements, which producers must meet to be certified.
      • In the Fair trade system, a company that meet to be certified.
        • In the Fair trade system, a company that meets the required standards of manufacture can buy a licence agreement with the Fair Trade Foundation
        • Stella McCartney and Marks and Spencer are often associated with ethical trading
      • Avoiding high street mass manufactured products
        • some consumers will look for craft products instead which have been made locally and will also consider sustainability when selecting products.
          • Some designers are using recycled fabrics and components which prove popular with consumers who are concerned with the environment.
            • Companies like Patagonia take back their old products for recycling
            • Many decide to turn their back on throw-away fashions, and choose products designed and made for a longer life- this avoidance of buying another fashion product can help to cut down o textile manufacturing activity
    • Pesticides and Fertilisers
      • used on cotton plants and can have disastrous effects on the health of farmers and workers if they breath in the spray. The chemicals from them can pollute nearby water supplies and make drinking water poisonous.


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