Ethical Issues in Psychological Research

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  • Ethical Issues in Psychological Research
    • Informed Consent
      • BPS guidelines state that participants should always give informed consent.
        • They should also know that they can withdraw at any time.
        • But if they are under 16 they can't legally give consent. (although a parent can)
        • In naturalistic observation studies consent can't be obtained but it is acceptable if the research is done in a public place.
      • If participants have been deceived then they cannot have given informed consent
    • Deception
      • If participants have been deceived then they cannot have given informed consent
      • However sometimes information must be with held otherwise participants wouldn't behave naturally if they knew what the aim was.
    • Protection from Harm
      • The BPS guidelines state the risk of harm to a participant should be no greater than what they would face in their normal lives
        • Researchers don't always know in advance what might be distressing for participants
    • Debriefing
      • This is supposed to return participants to the state they were in before the research
        • It is important is deception has been used
      • Participants are given the right to withdraw their data
    • Confidentiality
      • None of the participants in the research should be identifiable from any reports that are produced.
        • Researchers can't use any names in reports
        • Participants must be warned if their data is not going to be fully anonymous.

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