English langauge mind map

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • English Langauge
    • Accents and Dialects
      • Underground Dialects
        • Polari: Hidden gay language from the 60's to hide the fact they were gay. Examples; Boner means good
        • Cockney Ryming Slang: used to create hidden meanings. Still prominant today
      • Theories
        • Labov
          • people who were in a department store pronounced fourth floor differently to sound posh
          • Matha's Vineyard: People who lived there diverged their accent to become more distinct whereas tourists tried to converge
        • Giles
          • Teens look up to RP (1970's)
      • Regional Dialects and accents
        • Scouse
        • Geodie
          • Media have made the accent Favourable. Dialect: whats up pet?
        • M.L.E
          • New form of accent
            • Influenced by African American's and Jamacan's
              • Dialect: Bruv and Peng... Double negative and focus on pronouns
              • Starting to become widespread
                • Seen as cool by teens
    • Power
      • Fairclogh
        • Instrumental
          • You have power through authority and rank. You can sanction a conversation.
        • Influencial
          • Have power manipulation. Cant punish people. No real authority
      • Wareing
        • 3 types of power
          • Political
          • Socail
          • Personal
    • Occupation
      • Technical Lexis
        • Miners, Doctors, Armed Forces, Law
      • Theories
        • Eakins and Eakins: men spoke for longer and more frequently
        • Men spoke more in structured segments
        • Tracy Eisenburg: Woman show concern
        • Kerring: Men are assertive whereas Woman are more personal
        • Small talk must be stated by someone with the highest rank (Hornyak)
    • Age
      • Theories
        • Gary Ives
          • West Yorkshire secondary school
            • Use more taboo
            • Use more slang
            • Admit that older generations find it hard to understand them
            • Cant remember gaming lexis
        • Penelope Eckert
          • Life events change and influence langauge not age. Having children is a prime example.
            • She studied a single 20 year old woman and a 20 year with two young children and found that the leanguage between the two was different
        • Martinez
          • Tenns use more negatives
        • Vinian De Clerk
          • Tenns challange the normal to establish an identity
    • Gender
      • Difference
        • Men and woman speak differently... get over it!
          • Theories
            • Tannnen: Woman focus upon feelins and support whereas men focus on information and status
            • Jenifer Coates
              • Men are more proffessional and use language to show knowledge and power
              • Woman use tag questions in same sex conversations to show support
      • Dominance
        • Men's llanguage is more dominant
          • Dale spender
            • Man made language. Human is reffered to as men. Woman are alos subjected to derogative terms when they do not conform. Frigid Slag
          • Zimmerman and West. Men interupt more in same sex conversations to show power
      • Defeciet
        • Woman's language is inferior to mens
          • Robin Lakoff (Female)
            • Woamn use polite imperatives "why dont you"
              • Less Taboo
            • Empty adjectives like lovely

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all All resources »