EMOTIONAL FACOTORS IN MEMORY

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  • Created by: sammie
  • Created on: 27-03-13 09:35
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  • EMOTIONAL FACTORS IN MEMORY
    • FLASHBULB MEMORY- a long lasting and vivid memory of a specific event and the context in which it occured. The event is important and emotionally significant. Term flash bulb is used as if a photographic image of the event and setting has been encoded, the memory is detailed and accurate
      • BROWN & KULIK 1977 proposed the idea
      • flashbulb memoried are dramatic, unexpected and shocking.
      • World Trade Centre, Kennedy, Fall of Berlin
      • People renember; -Where they were - what they were doing -how they were informed - how they reacted - how others around them reacted
      • EVIDENCE FOR
        • Brown & Kulik (1982) study showed that black Americans had a lot more flashbulb memories about the death Martin Luther King compared to white Americans
      • EVIDENCE AGAINST
        • NEISSER (1988)- compared ps recall of challenger disaster after 2 days and 2 years. Found all accounts had changed over time, and some were 'wildly inaccurate'
        • PLATANIA & HERTKORN (1998) - ivestigated death of Pricess Diana, measuring accuracy and confidence of recal over 10 weeks. They compared the death with memory of everyday event
    • REPRESSION - this is a defence mechanism, what happens is that memorie creating great anxiety are kept out of concious awareness in order to protect the individual. Motivated forgetting.
      • FREUDIAN idea that forgetting happens fo a reason, painful memories are forced out of consciousess
      • EVIDENCE FOR
        • LEVINGER & CLARK (1961) foud that ps had poorer recall of emotionally negative workds,eg.fight, fear
          • after dely higher recal found
        • EVENT SPECIFIC AMNESIA- ciminals cant renember crimes
          • deliberate ? influence of drugs or alcohol
        • WILLIAMS (1994) 129 Girls admitted to hospital due to sexual asult, when interviewd 17 years later over half couldnt recall origonal event
          • biased sample, unwilling to talk, invation of privacy
      • hard to test, therefore cannot accept or reject idea
    • DREEAMS

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