Embryo Research, cloning and designer babies information

  • Created by: Tori
  • Created on: 10-09-20 19:16
View mindmap
  • Embryo Research, cloning and designer babies
    • UK Law
      • Licences for embryo research are only granted if the research is absolutely essential.
      • The embryo must have been created in a petri dish.
      • Research is only allowed up to 14 days, after which the embryo must be destroyed.
      • Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is permitted for medical conditions only.
        • Sex selection is only allowed to prevent sex-linked genetic conditions.
        • PGD is a method of testing embryos for genetic conditions prior to their inplantation in the uterus.
      • 'Saviour sibling' techology may be permitted if there is no other method of saving the sick child's life.
        • SST is the creation of a child whose cord blood can be used to treat a very ill sibling because it will be genetically compatible.
        • The condition must be very serious or life-threatening.
        • Permission is only given on a case-by-case basis.
    • Purposes of embryo research
      • Understand causes of infertility and repeated miscarriage.
      • Develope more effective contraception.
      • Understand more about and be able to prevent untreatable diseases such as Parkinson's (stem cell cloning).
    • Sources of embryos
      • Donated surplus (extra) IVF embryos.
        • Needs consent of boith parents.
      • Creation of embryonic clones.
        • Known as stem cell (theaputic) cloning.
          • The creation of an embryonic clone of the patient.
            • The stem cells are removed from the clone for treatment of the patient's condition.
    • 'Designer babies'
      • Created via IVF.
        • The result of editing DNA cells or embryos.
          • Untitled
      • Selection of sex on medical grounds and the creation of saviour siblings is legal in the UK.
        • Some would like to see the grounds for us extended to allow for selection of traits like intelligence and appearance.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Ethics resources:

See all Ethics resources »See all application of ethical theories to issues of human life and death resources »