Elizabethan History

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  • Created by: laura
  • Created on: 01-04-13 14:04
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  • Elizabethan History
    • Privy Councillors
      • William Cecil
        • loyal adviser for 40 yrs
          • Elizabeth trusted him completely
      • Robert Dudley
        • puritan
          • rumoured to be a love interest
            • disliked William Cecil
      • Christopher Hatton
        • hated puritans
          • sympathised with Catholics
      • Francis Walshingham
        • strong puritan
          • 1571-discovered Throckmorten plot
            • discovered Mary's involvement in Babington plot
      • Robert Devereux
        • hated the Cecil family
          • was hit over the ear
            • led a rebellion-was arrested for treason
    • Poverty
      • causes
        • Debasement of coinage
          • needed money for wars so melted coins and made them less valuable
            • Elizabeth  gave old proportion coins back
        • bad harvests
          • 1596-terrible
            • threat of starvation
        • rising populations
          • after black death populations rose and not enough food, clothes,houses and jobs were available
        • inflation
          • wages did not go up with rising prises
            • shortage of goods and a larger demand meant poor couldn't afford what there was
        • rack-renting
          • rents were losing value so were increased
            • poorer farmers couldn't afford to rent the land
        • changes in the cloth trade
          • England's main export
            • tens of thousands were jobless
        • changes in farming
          • more farmers kept sheep instead of farming crops
            • loss of jobs for labourers
        • dissolution of monastries
          • source of charity for poor people was taken away
        • monopolies
          • 1590's Elizabeth sold monopolies to nobles and prises rose
    • Mary, Queen of Scots
      • 1568-fled to England
      • 1569- Northern rebellion
        • 1569-Duke of Norfolk, wanted to marry Mary
      • 1570-excommunication of Elizabeth
      • 1586-Babington plot! Mary agreed to the plan.
      • 1586- Mary was executed
        • 1586-Babington plot! Mary agreed to the plan.
    • Ships and seamen
      • John Hawkins
        • Started the slave trade
        • designed and built ships for the navy
        • developed new fighting galleon
        • fought against the Spanish Armada
          • Francis Drake
            • First english man to sail around the world
            • made large profits from voyages
            • attacked spainish ships and angered spain- the Golden Hind
      • Francis Drake
        • First english man to sail around the world
        • made large profits from voyages
        • attacked spainish ships and angered spain- the Golden Hind
      • Walter Raleigh
        • Established english colony in Virginia
        • wasn't very successful-didn't find any gold, second expedition were never found

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