- Created by: brennamackay
- Created on: 20-05-19 11:07
- Elizabeth I - Catholics
- Elizabeth adopted an attitude of tolerance towards them in the early years of her reign.
- Act of Supremacy 1559 - dealt with recusants by laying down fines for those who didn't attend church (however rarely enforced).
- 'Church Papists' = English Catholics who went to Church.
- An active minority followed the Catholics who (accept one) refused to conform to the Oath of Supremacy 1559.
- 1571 Act made publishing Papal Bills treasonable.
- Act to Retain the Queen's Majesty's Subjects in their Due Obedience 1581 -made it treason to draw subjects' allegiance to either the Queen or the Church of England.
- Also made saying mass punishable by heavy fine and imprisonment
- The fine for non-attendance at church was raised to £20 a month.
- 187 Catholics executed (123 Catholic Priests).
- 1585 Act against Jesuits and Seminary Priests - treasonable for priests ordained under the Pope's authority to enter England.
- 1587 - Mary Queen of Scots executed.
- 'Bond of Association for the Preservation of the Queen Majesty's Royal Person'
- Anyone who took the Oath of Supremacy was required to execute anyone who attempted to usurp the Crown or make an attempt on Elizabeth's life.
- College founded in the Netherlands 1568 to train Catholic priests to be sent to England and keep Catholicism alive.
- By 1571, 11 seminary priests - 1580 = 100 - 1580-1585 = 179.
- Society of Jesus began sending Jesuit priests to England in 1580 to restore Catholicism. Success = limited as they operated in the South-East where Protestantism was strong.
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