The Northern Rebellion

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  • Created on: 15-01-19 17:29
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  • The Northern Rebellion
    • Many people in the North were loyal to the old religion of Catholicism.
      • Elizabeth was a Protestant and had introduced new nobility into the Court, replacing Catholic nobility.
        • Elizabeth had refused to marry or birth and heir, which created uncertainty about England's future.
          • Mary Queen of Scots was a figurehead for the rebellion as she was both a Tudor and a Catholic.
    • Prompted harsher treatment of Catholics. For example, Elizabeth sent the Earl of Huntingdon, a committed Protestant, to lead the Council of the North (used to implement Elizabeth's laws). These laws effectively suppressed Catholicism.
      • It ended the influence of the Percy and Neville families, as the leaders of the rebellion were executed.
        • The treason laws became harsher and the definition of treason became much wider.
          • It was the first, and most serious rebellious act by English Catholics against Elizabeth I.
      • Although Elizabeth's punishments were harsh, the majority of the Catholics in the North remained loyal. However, the revolt encouraged the Pope to excommunicate Elizabeth and issue a Papal Bull. This meant that English Catholics were now always going to be under suspicion as they now had two 'leaders', who were at odds with each other. There was a divide between faith and loyalty to the Monarch.

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