Electoral Systems

  • Created by: Q_
  • Created on: 02-04-19 11:20
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  • UK/US Electoral Systems Comparison
    • There are separate elections for the president and for Congress in the USA. Presidential elections take place every 4 years. Members of the House of Representatives are elected every 2 years. Senators serve a 6-year term but there a rolling elections, with 1/3 of the Senate elected every 2 years.
      • In the UK, the prime minister is not directly elected.
    • Members of the House of Representatives are elected in single-member constituencies known as districts. Each of the 50 US states send two representatives to the Senate.
      • In the UK, the House of Lords is unelected.
    • The single-member plurality system its used for Elections to Congress. In presidential elections, the candidate who secures a plurality of votes in a state received all the Electoral College votes for that state.
      • Similarly to the UK, single-member plurality can deliver a winner's bonus and may produce the 'wrong' result - Republican candidates won the 2000 and 2016 presidential election despite polling fewer votes than their Democratic opponents
    • The USA retains a classic two-party system while its s in decline in the UK. The Republicans and Democrats win a vast majority of the votes and seats in Congress. Since the 1850's, the presidential election has been won by either a Republican or Democratic candidate - a candidate from a third party has not taken office.

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